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Country in southwestern Asia. The area was part of the Persian Achaemenian Empire in the 6th century BC and was conquered by Macedonian Alexander in the 4th century BC. Hindu influence entered with the Hephthalites and Sassanids; Islam became entrenched during the rule of the Shaffarids, AD 870. Afghanistan was divided between the Mughal Empire of India and the Safavid empire of Persia until the 18th century, when other Persians under Nader Shah took control. Britain fought several wars in the area in the 19th century. From the 1930s the country had a stable monarchy, which was overthrown in the 1970s. Marxist reforms sparked rebellion, and Soviet troops invaded. Afghan guerrillas prevailed, and the Soviets withdrew in 1989. In 1992 rebel factions overthrew the government and established an Islamic republic. In 1996 the Taliban militia took power and enforced a harsh Islamic order. The militia's unwillingness to extradite extremist leader Osama bin Laden and members of his al-Qaeda organization following the September 11 attacks in 2001 led to military conflict with the U.S. and allied nations, the overthrow of the Taliban, and the establishment of an interim government.In June, 2010 Afghanistan officially outpaced Vietnam as the longest war in American history . And Obama (read Osama) has quietly begun to back away from the deadline he set for withdrawing U.S. troops in July of next year.Spending hundreds of billions of dollars on the fifth-poorest country on earth has failed to win over the civilian population, whose attitude toward U.S. troops ranges from intensely wary to openly hostile. (Wikipedia) - Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South and Central Asia. With a population of about 28 million, it has an area of 647,500 kmu00B2, making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and the People's Republic of China in the far northeast. The territory that now forms Afghanistan has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. Archaeologists have found evidence of human habitation from as far back as 50,000 BC. Urban civilization may have begun in the area as early as 3,000 to 2,000 BC. The country sits at an important geostrategic location that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, which has been home to various peoples through the ages. The land has witnessed many military conquests since antiquity, notably by Alexander the Great, Chandragupta Maurya, and Genghis Khan. It has also served as a source from which local dynasties such as the Greco-Bactrians, Kushans, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Timurids, Mughals and many others have established empires of their own. The poli

Tags:Afghanistan, Alexander the Great, American, Asia, Britain, China, Greco, India, Iran, Islam, Islamic, Khan, Macedonian Alexander, Marxist, Middle East, Mughal, Nader Shah, Obama, Pakistan, Persia, Persian, Safavid, September 11, Shah, Silk Road, Soviet, Tajikistan, Taliban, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Wikipedia

See All 10 items matching Afghanistan in Media Gallery

Presidents of Iran, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Tatarstan attend the fourth World Nowruz Festival Ashgabat, March, 2013 promoting greater regional cooperation in security, trade, and collaboration in energy.
American solders guarding Opium (puppy) fields Afghanistan 2005. It's been speculated that gangsters who have penetrated within military ranks of occupation forces in Afghanistan are ring-leaders of trafficking narcotics worldwide.
A miniature from Padeshahnameh shows Safavid governors of Ghandahar Surrendering the Citadel to Shah Jahan in 1638. Shah Abbas 2 personally leaded an army and drove Indian invaders out of Ghandahar on Jan, 3, 1649.
Map of Persia: Territorial Changes in the 19th and 20th Centuries due to British and Russian invasions. Behind Gulistan Treaty, Turkmenchai Treaty, Mc Mahon Arbitration, Treaty of Paris were orchestrated European conspiracies.
A sketch from the city of Ghazneh during Qajar era (around 1840) made by Lt. James Rattray from the British army before separation from motherland, Colonial presence only brings misery to civilians, although the greed never quenched.
They city of Ghazneh in Afghanistan in 2005. This picture mirrors the painting made during the 1839, British occupation during the first Anglo Afghan War. Ghazneh is the birthplace of Sultan Mahmoud Ghaznavi, founder of the Ghaznavi Dynasty.

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