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Egypt

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Achaemenid_Cambyses_Pelusium_525BC.jpg
Arab Republic of Egypt, country in northern Africa It is one of the world's oldest civilizations. After the upper and lower Egypt were united around 3000 BC, a period of cultural achievement began and a line of native rulers that lasted nearly 3,000 years. Egypt's ancient history is divided into the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms, spanning 31 dynasties and lasting to 332 BC. The Pyramids date from the Old Kingdom, the cult of Osiris and the refinement of sculpture from the Middle Kingdom, and the era of empire and the Exodus of the Jews from the New Kingdom. An Assyrian invasion occurred in the 7th century BC, and the Persian Achaemenids established a dynasty in 525 BC. The invasion by Alexander the Great in 332 BC inaugurated the Macedonian Ptolemaic period and the ascendancy of Alexandria as a centre of learning and Hellenistic culture. The Romans held Egypt from 30 BC to AD 395; later it was placed under the control of the Byzantine Empire. After the Roman emperor Constantine granted tolerance to the Christians in 313, a formal Egyptian (Coptic) church emerged. Egypt came under Arab control in 642 and ultimately was transformed into an Arabic-speaking state, with Islam as the dominant religion. Held by the Umayyad and Abbasi dynasties, in 969 it became the centre of the Fatemid dynasty. In 1250 the Mamluk dynasty established a state that lasted until 1517, when Egypt fell to the Ottoman Empire. An economic and cultural decline ensued. Egypt became a British protectorate in 1914 and received nominal independence in 1922, when a constitutional monarchy was established. A group of army officers led by Jamal Abdol Naser overthrew the monarchy in 1952. A union with Syria to form the United Arab Republic (1958-61) failed. Following three wars with Israel , Egypt, under Nasser's successor, Anwar Sadat, made peace with the Jewish state, thus alienating many fellow Arab countries. Sadat was assassinated by Islamic extremists in 1981 and was succeeded by Hosni Mobarak, who continued to negotiate peace. Although Egypt took part in the coalition against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War (1991), it later began peace overtures with countries in the region, including Iraq. Iran-Egypt ties were cut after the Islamic revolution on a row that began by renaming the Vozara St., a major street in Tehran after Khaled Estanbuli, the killer of Anwar Sadaat. Normal relations could never be restored afterwards. (Wikipedia) - Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast,

Tags:Abbasi, Africa, Alexander the Great, Alexandria, Arab, Arabic, Asia, Assyrian, British, Byzantine, Egypt, Egyptian, Gaza, Gaza Strip, Iran, Iraq, Islam, Islamic, Israel, Jewish, Mamluk, Mediterranean Sea, Middle East, Muslim, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persian, Persian Gulf, Persian Gulf War, Pyramids, Roman, Syria, Tehran, Umayyad, Wikipedia





See All 11 items matching Egypt in Media Gallery

A sketch showing Achaemenid Shah Cambyses capturing Pelusium in 525BC using cats from the book Greatest Nations : Greece published in the early years of the twentieth century contains ten volumes, and covers most of the major countries of world history.
Cairo Dec, 2009: Iranian Politician Ali Larijani as head of the parliament meets President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt. Good times for dictator ended finally: Mubarak, accused of corruption and involvement in killing protesters, went on trial on ug, 3, 2011.
Artifacts found in Egypt in 2009 by two Italian archeologists allegedly belonging to the lost army of Achaemenid king Cambyses who disappeared after walking into the an oasis in a desert in Egypt. For political reasons the findings were not authenticated.
An Achaemenid Seal showing king Cambyses of Persia defeating Egyptian Paroah Psamtik III in 525 B.C. Psamtik was defeated at Pelusium, and fled to Memphis where he was captured. Cambyses was severely injured and died in March, 522 BC.
Ancient Egypt Map Herodotus: an Inscription by Achaemenid king Dariush the Great describes construction of a Canal connecting the Red Sea to Nile River in Egypt around 520 B.C..
Pahlavi Prince Mohammad Reza with his future wife Princess Fouziyeh of Egypt and his mother-in-law Nazli on a trip in Egypt. On March 15, 1939 their wedding ceremony took place in Abdin Palace in Cairo.

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