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Ekbatan Complex (Persian: شهرک اکباتان) is a planned town built as a project of modern apartment buildings in western part of Tehran, Iran. Today it is considered one of Tehran's neighborhoods. It is the largest residential complex in Tehran.
The Construction of the Ekbatan complex started in 1975 for the purpose of mass housing. It has 15,500 units on an area of 2,208,570 m2 located in western Tehran.
The designer of the complex is Jordan Gruzen (now Gruzen Samton LLP) from the United States. Another American company by the name Starrett successfully built and completed phase I of the complex before the 1979 revolution. European contractors were also involved in the project.Description
Ekbatan has 3 separate sets of buildings called a phase and each phase has independent buildings categorised as a block. The architecture in the first and third phase are similar and are very different from the phase 2. Each block of phase 1 (or 3) has 3 major steps. When looked at from the sides, there are 5 floors in first step, 9 in second and 12 in the third one. In phase 2, blocks are designed like huge 12 story box-shaped parts that are put together in an angle. Another difference between phase 1(or 3) and 2 is about interior layout of the apartments. In phase 1 (or 3), apartments are single floored. However, in phase 2, they are built mostly in double floors (Duplex) with Hall, and the kitchen in the first floor and rooms placed in the upper(second) floor. In all of these phases you could find 1, 2, 3 or 4-roomed apartments that begins from about 50 m2 to 240 m2. Ekabatan complex is famous for its green fields between the buildings. The landscape is designed in a way to combine nature and modern living together, a concept that is being explored more in architectural practices today due to environmental concerns. Ekbatan is also full of different level schools in all three phases. Shopping places have developed throughout the last years and it is becoming one of the most convenient places for families to shop especially because of its competitive prices, higher qualities, and variety of goods and services. On the last Tuesday night of the Iranian year, before Nowruz, Ekbatan is the host of one of the biggest Chaharshanbe Suri celebrations in Tehran.Streets