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Emadoddoleh Deylami

عمادالدوله دیلمی


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Emadoddoleh Deylami (c. 891/2 – December 949) was the founder of the Al-e Booyeh (Buyid) Dynasty in Iran. Emadoddoleh is the title given to Ali bin Booyeh by the Baghdad Caliph Al Mostakfi. Ali with help from his brothers Ahmad and Hasan conquered some parts of Greater Iran. They were originally fishermen from Deylaman of Gilan. Ali first entered the services of the Samanian Dynasty under Nasr 2nd, where he became a member of the ruler's entourage. From there he eventually joined Makan, who ruled Gorgan and Rhagae as a governor of the Samanian, in around 928. He managed to occupy a high position under Makan and gained army commissions for his two younger brothers, Hasan and Ahmad. In 930, however, Makan rebelled against the Samanian rule by seizing Khorasan; he was subsequently attacked by the Ziyari prince Mardaviz and forced to give up Tabarestan.Ali and his brothers joined Mardaviz just as the Ziyari Movement was preparing to undertake the conquest to the south of the Alborz Mountains as far as Qazvin. Not long afterwards Mardaviz granted Ali administrative rule over Karaj, a strategically important town probably situated near modern Bahramabad. While making a stop in Rhagae on his way to Karaj, however, Ali was warned by Mardaviz' vizier al-Amid that the Ziyari was planning to eliminate him. With a small number of Deylami troops to support him, Ali sought to expand his position. Moving against the heretical Khorramdin Movement, who controlled the surrounding mountains, he gained control of the region and was heavily enriched by the expeditions. At the same time, he managed to maintain his troops' loyalty, despite Mardaviz' attempts to incite them against their master.Foundation of the Booyeh stateIn order to further secure his position, Ali decided to seize the nearby city of Isfahan, then under control of the Abbasid governor Yaqut. His enemy outnumbered Ali's Army, but a large portion of it defected to him upon his appearance before the city. Yaqut, however, refused to negotiate with him, and Mardaviz' approach forced him to abandon Isfahan in favor of the Ziyari forces. Having fled Karaj as well, Ali now took Arrajan, a city between Fars and Khuzestan.After spending winter in Arrajan, Ali decided to campaign in Fars in the spring of 933. There he encountered the resistance of Yaqut, who was also the governor of Fars and from whom Ali had stripped Arrajan. He also found an ally, Zey bin Ali al-Nobandegani, a wealthy landowner who disliked the Abbasids. After a series of battles, Ali managed to prove the victor. By May or June 934, he entered Shiraz, the capital of Fars.In order to prevent Mardaviz from pressing claims on his territory, Ali sought the recognition of the Abbasid Caliph, who confirmed him as his viceroy in September or October of 934. Although the caliph's emissary arrived with the insignia for his office, however, Ali delayed giving the requisite tribute; by the time the emissary died in Shiraz two years later, the tribuEmadoddoleh Deylami (c. 891/2 – December 949) was the founder of the Al-e Booyeh (Buyid) Dynasty in Iran. Emadoddoleh is the title given to Ali bin Booyeh by the Baghdad Caliph Al Mostakfi. Ali with help from his brothers Ahmad and Hasan conquered some parts of Greater Iran. They were originally fishermen from Deylaman of Gilan. Ali first entered the services of the Samanian Dynasty under Nasr 2nd, where he became a member of the ruler's entourage. From there he eventually joined Makan, who ruled Gorgan and Rhagae as a governor of the Samanian, in around 928. He managed to occupy a high position under Makan and gained army commissions for his two younger brothers, Hasan and Ahmad. In 930, however, Makan rebelled against the Samanian rule by seizing Khorasan; he was subsequently attacked by the Ziyari prince Mardaviz and forced to give up Tabarestan.Ali and his brothers joined Mardaviz just as the Ziyari Movement was preparing to undertake the conquest to the south of the Alborz Mountains as far as Qazvin. Not long afterwards Mardaviz granted Ali administrative rule over Karaj, a strategically important town probably situated near modern Bahramabad. While making a stop in Rhagae on his way to Karaj, however, Ali was warned by Mardaviz' vizier al-Amid that the Ziyari was planning to eliminate him. With a small number of Deylami troops to support him, Ali sought to expand his position. Moving against the heretical Khorramdin Movement, who controlled the surrounding mountains, he gained control of the region and was heavily enriched by the expeditions. At the same time, he managed to maintain his troops' loyalty, despite Mardaviz' attempts to incite them against their master.Foundation of the Booyeh stateIn order to further secure his position, Ali decided to seize the nearby city of Isfahan, then under control of the Abbasid governor Yaqut. His enemy outnumbered Ali's Army, but a large portion of it defected to him upon his appearance before the city. Yaqut, however, refused to negotiate with him, and Mardaviz' approach forced him to abandon Isfahan in favor of the Ziyari forces. Having fled Karaj as well, Ali now took Arrajan, a city between Fars and Khuzestan.After spending winter in Arrajan, Ali decided to campaign in Fars in the spring of 933. There he encountered the resistance of Yaqut, who was also the governor of Fars and from whom Ali had stripped Arrajan. He also found an ally, Zey bin Ali al-Nobandegani, a wealthy landowner who disliked the Abbasids. After a series of battles, Ali managed to prove the victor. By May or June 934, he entered Shiraz, the capital of Fars.In order to prevent Mardaviz from pressing claims on his territory, Ali sought the recognition of the Abbasid Caliph, who confirmed him as his viceroy in September or October of 934. Although the caliph's emissary arrived with the insignia for his office, however, Ali delayed giving the requisite tribute; by the time the emissary died in Shiraz two years later, the tribute wDeylami (c. 891/2 – December 949) was the founder of the Al-e Booyeh (Buyid) Dynasty in Iran. Emadoddoleh is the title given to Ali bin Booyeh by the Baghdad Caliph Al Mostakfi. Ali with help from his brothers Ahmad and Hasan conquered some parts of Greater Iran. They were originally fishermen from Deylaman of Gilan. Ali first entered the services of the Samanian Dynasty under Nasr 2nd, where he became a member of the ruler's entourage. From there he eventually joined Makan, who ruled Gorgan and Rhagae as a governor of the Samanian, in around 928. He managed to occupy a high position under Makan and gained army commissions for his two younger brothers, Hasan and Ahmad. In 930, however, Makan rebelled against the Samanian rule by seizing Khorasan; he was subsequently attacked by the Ziyari prince Mardaviz and forced to give up Tabarestan.Ali and his brothers joined Mardaviz just as the Ziyari Movement was preparing to undertake the conquest to the south of the Alborz Mountains as far as Qazvin. Not long afterwards Mardaviz granted Ali administrative rule over Karaj, a strategically important town probably situated near modern Bahramabad. While making a stop in Rhagae on his way to Karaj, however, Ali was warned by Mardaviz' vizier al-Amid that the Ziyari was planning to eliminate him. With a small number of Deylami troops to support him, Ali sought to expand his position. Moving against the heretical Khorramdin Movement, who controlled the surrounding mountains, he gained control of the region and was heavily enriched by the expeditions. At the same time, he managed to maintain his troops' loyalty, despite Mardaviz' attempts to incite them against their master.Foundation of the Booyeh stateIn order to further secure his position, Ali decided to seize the nearby city of Isfahan, then under control of the Abbasid governor Yaqut. His enemy outnumbered Ali's Army, but a large portion of it defected to him upon his appearance before the city. Yaqut, however, refused to negotiate with him, and Mardaviz' approach forced him to abandon Isfahan in favor of the Ziyari forces. Having fled Karaj as well, Ali now took Arrajan, a city between Fars and Khuzestan.After spending winter in Arrajan, Ali decided to campaign in Fars in the spring of 933. There he encountered the resistance of Yaqut, who was also the governor of Fars and from whom Ali had stripped Arrajan. He also found an ally, Zey bin Ali al-Nobandegani, a wealthy landowner who disliked the Abbasids. After a series of battles, Ali managed to prove the victor. By May or June 934, he entered Shiraz, the capital of Fars.In order to prevent Mardaviz from pressing claims on his territory, Ali sought the recognition of the Abbasid Caliph, who confirmed him as his viceroy in September or October of 934. Although the caliph's emissary arrived with the insignia for his office, however, Ali delayed giving the requisite tribute; by the time the emissary died in Shiraz two years later, the tribute was stil

Tags:Abbasid, Al Mostakfi, Alborz, Baghdad, Booyeh, Deylaman, Deylami, Dynasty, Emadoddoleh, Emadoddoleh Deylami, Fars, Gilan, Gorgan, Greater Iran, Iran, Isfahan, Karaj, Khorasan, Khorramdin, Khuzestan, Makan, Mardaviz, Mostakfi, Qazvin, Rhagae, Samanian, Samanian Dynasty, Shiraz, Tabarestan




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