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Eram Garden

Bagh-e Eram

باغ ارم


Shiraz_Eram_Garden.jpg
Eram Garden and Palace complex is a historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. Eram in Persian means heaven. This garden is located on the northern shore of the Kushk River in the Fars province. The history of Eram Garden of Shiraz goes back to legends. It was of great importance during Seljuk reign. Near the end of Zand dynasty, the Eram Garden had been in Ghashghayi tribe possession for 75 years. During Naseroddin Shah's reign, Eram Garden was bought from the Ghashghayi tribe and a palace was built in it. After the owner's death, it changed hands a couple of times, until it was registered as historical heritage during Pahlavi 2nd reign. Alongside Hafeziyeh and Saadiyeh, the Eram botanic Garden is one of major attractions of Shiraz.The original layout of the garden however, with its quadripartite Persian structure was most likely laid in eighteenth century by the Seljuks, and was then referred to as the "Bagh-e-Shah" (meaning the "garden of the king" in Persian) and was much less complicated or ornamental.Over the centuries the structure has been modified, restored or stylistically changed by various participants. The first pavilion facing south along the long axis was designed by a local architect, Haji Mohammad Hasan. The structure housed 32 rooms on two stories, decorated by tiles with poems from the Persian poet Hafez written on them. The structure underwent renovation by the Zand dynasty and was also renovated during the time of the Qajar dynasty. The Pahlavi dynasty invested a lot in this garden renovating it to an internationally recognizable status; in fact in 1965, Britain's ambassador to Iran, Sir Denis Wright was invited by Asadollah Alam, Mohammad Reza Shah's close friend, and at the time Chancellor of Shiraz University, to a party in Eram Garden thrown for Princess Alexandra of the Ogilvy. The compound came under the protection of Pahlavi University during the Pahlavi era, and was used as the College of Law.It is today still a property of Shiraz University, and is open to the public as a museum, protected by Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization. (Wikipedia) - Eram Garden is a historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. Eram is the Persianized version of the Arabic word "Iram" meaning heaven in the Muslim's book of Koran. Eram Garden therefore is so called for its beauties and aesthetic attractions resembling "heaven. " This garden is located on the northern shore of the Kushk river in the Fars province. Both pavilion and the garden are built during the middle of nineteenth cenutry by the Ilkhanate or a paramount chief of the Qashqai tribes of Pars. The original layout of the garden however, with its quadripartite Persian structure was most likely laied in eighteenth century by the Seljuqs, and was then referred to as the "Bagh-e-Shah" (meaning the "garden of the king" in Persian) and was much less complicated or ornamental. Nederlands Traveller Cornelius de Bruyn gives a description of the gardens in the eighteenth century. Over the centuries the structure has been modified, restored or stylistically changed by various participants. The first pa

Tags:Alam, Arabic, Asadollah Alam, Britain, Chancellor, Eram Garden, Fars, Ghashghayi, Hafez, Hafeziyeh, Haji, Ilkhanate, Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah, Muslim, Naseroddin Shah, Pahlavi, Pahlavi University, Persian, Qajar, Reza Shah, Seljuk, Shah, Shiraz, Shiraz University, Wikipedia, Zand





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The history of Eram Garden of Shiraz goes back to legends. It was of great importance during Seljuk reign. Near the end of Zand dynasty, the Eram Garden had been in Ghashghayi tribe possession for 75 years.
Eram Garden & Palace in Shiraz went under supervision of Shiraz University after a bill was passed at the Majlis on June, 6, 1967. The garden became Eram Botanical Garden of Shiraz University.
Eram garden and palace in Shiraz
The Paradise, a word derived from Old Persian depicts itself in Persian gardens. One example is the Narenjestan Garden within the complex of Eram Garden built between 1879 and 1886, now a museum open to public as the Botanic Park of the Shiraz University.

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