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Eranshahr

Iranshahr

ایرانشهر


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The terms Eranshahr and Eran were in use in Sassanid Iran. From early Sassanid era (Ardeshir and Shapour's elaborations), as a designation of their land they adopted Eranshahr “Empire of the Iranians” and this served as the official name of their country.Shahrestanhay-e-Eranshahr (lit. the provincial capitals of Iran) is a surviving Middle Persian text on geography, which was completed in the late eighth or early ninth centuries AD. The text gives a numbered list of the cities of Eranshahr and their history and importance for Persian history. The text itself has indication that it was also redacted at the time of Khosrau II in 7th century as it mentions several places in Africa and Persian Gulf conquered by the Sassanid.The book serves as a source for works on Middle Iranian languages, a source on Sassanid administrative geography and history, as well as a source of historical records concerning names of the Sassanid kings as the builder of the various cities. The text provides information on the Persian epic, the Khodaynameh (lit. Book of Kings)The book may be the same as Ayadgar-e-Shahrha (lit. Memoir of Cities) named in the Bundahishn and said to have been written following an order of Ghobad I.Ardeshir I (reign until 241) the first king of the Sassanid Empire had used the older word Eran (Parthian aryan) as part of his titles and in accordance with its etymology. At Naghsh Rostam in Fars province and the issued coins of the same period, Ardeshir I calls himself Shahanshah-e-Eran in the Middle Persian version meaning “king of kings of the Aryans.” His son Shapour I referred to himself as Shahanshah-e-Eran and aneran (lit. "King of kings of the Aryans and the Non-Aryans") in Middle Persian. Later kings used the same or similar phrases and these titles became the standard designations of the Sassanid sovereigns.However the major trilingual (Middle Persian, Parthian, and Greek) inscription of Shapour I at the Zoroaster's Cube in Fars, introduces another term Eranshahr in Middle Persian and Aryanshahr in Parthian. Shapour's declaration reads I am lord of the kingdom of the Aryans. This follows his title “king of kings of the Aryans,” and thus makes it "very likely" that Eranshahr "properly denoted the empire". Next to Dariush's inscription, this inscription of Shapour at walls of Kabe-ye Zartosht is among the most important inscriptional records. It records parts of Persian-Roman wars and gives "a clear picture of the extent of his empire" by naming of provinces, mentioning religious foundations and mentioning senior officials of the court of Papak, Ardeshir and Shapour I. According to the inscription, after death of Shapour's father and his accession, the emperor Gordianus “marched on Assyria, against Eranshahr and against us”.Beside the royal title, the term "Eran" was also used as an abbreviation of "Eranshahr" and referred to the empire in the early Sassanid era. In this case the Roman west was correspondingly referred to as “aneran”. As references to empires, Eran and Aneran occur already in a chronicle text from Mani (dating back probably to Ardeshir I's era.) This shorter term "Eran" appears in the names of the towns build by Shapour I and his successors as well as in the titles of several high ra

Tags:Africa, Ardeshir, Assyria, Dariush, Eranshahr, Fars, Ghobad, Greek, Iran, Iranian, Khosrau, Mani, Naghsh Rostam, Parthian, Persian, Persian Gulf, Roman, Sassanid, Shahanshah, Shapour, Zoroaster




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