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Eskishehr, Eskişehir

اسکی شهیر

City West Central Turkey on the Sakarya tributary. (Wikipedia) - Eskişehir   (Redirected from Eskishehir) Eskişehir Country Region Province Government  • Mayor  • Governor Area  • Metropolitan Municipality Elevation Population (2011)  • Density  • Metro Time zone  • Summer (DST) Postal code Area code(s) Licence plate Website
Metropolitan Municipality
Top left:Eskişehir Central railway station, Top right: Tepebaşı Municipality, Bottop left: Museum of Glassware Arts, Bottom right: Porsuk River.
EskişehirLocation of Eskişehir
Coordinates: 39°47′N 30°31′E / 39.783°N 30.517°E / 39.783; 30.517
Central Anatolia
Yılmaz Büyükerşen (CHP)
Kadir Koçdemir
2,678.00 km2 (1,033.98 sq mi)
788 m (2,585 ft)
236/km2 (610/sq mi)
26 xxx
(+90) 222
Estram, the city''s tram service.

Eskişehir (pronounced ; Turkish: eski "old", şehir "city") (Latin: Dorylaeum; Ancient Greek: Δορύλαιον, Dorýlaion) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of the Eskişehir Province. According to the 2011 census, the population of the city is 648,396. The city is located on the banks of the Porsuk River, 792 m above sea level, where it overlooks the fertile Phrygian Valley. In the nearby hills one can find hot springs. The city is 233 km (145 mi) to the west of Ankara, 330 km (205 mi) to the southeast of Istanbul and 78 km (48 mi) to the northeast of Kütahya. Known as a university town, both Eskişehir Osmangazi University and Anadolu University (which has one of the largest student enrollments in the world) are based in Eskişehir. The province covers an area of 2,678 km2 (1,034 sq mi).

According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, as of 2011 the Eskişehir Metropolitan Municipality had a population of 648,396.



The name Eskişehir literally means Old City in Turkish; indeed, the city was founded by the Phrygians in around 1000 BC. Many Phrygian artifacts and sculptures can still be found in the city''s archeological museum. There is also a museum of meerschaum stone, whose production remains still notable, used to make high quality meerschaum pipes. In the fourth century AD the city moved about ten km northeast, from Karacahisar to Şehirhöyük.

Whenever it was mentioned by ancient geographers, the city was described as one of the most beautiful in Anatolia.

As with many towns in Anatolia, Christianity arrived after Constantine the Great made it the official religion of the Roman Empire. Beginning in the 4th century, records exist of bishops holding office in Eskişehir. The city was known as Dorylaeum in that period. One of these bishops, Eusebius, was heavily involved in shaping the evolving dogma of the church.


Traditionally dependent on flour milling and brickyards, the city expanded with the building of railway workshops in 1894 for work on the Berlin-Baghdad Railway.

As of 1920, Eskişehir was one of the major locations for meerschaum mining. At that time, most of the mining sites were owned by the state.

Devrim, the first Turkish automobile, was produced in 1961 at the TÜLOMSAŞ factory in Eskişehir. Devrim never put into mass production and stayed a concept study and can be viewed in TÜLOMSAŞ factory Eskişehir. In addition to production, first Turkish steam powered locomotive called Karakurt was produced at the TÜLOMSAŞ in 1961. Eskişehir was also the site of Turkey''s first aviation industry (Aeronautical Supply Maintenance Centre) and its air base was the command center of Turkey''s first Tactical Air Force headquarters on NATO''s southern flank during the Cold War.

Eskişehir produces trucks, home appliances, railway locomotives, fighter aircraft engines, agricultural equipment, textiles, brick, cement, chemicals, processed meerschaum and refined sugar. Eti, one of Turkey''s largest food brands (mostly producing biscuit, chocolate and candy varieties) is based in Eskişehir. Arçelik, a major Turkish home appliances and consumer electronics manufacturer, has one of its production plants in Eskişehir. Eskişehir was the first stage of High-speed rail in Turkey from Ankara. This service improved the travel and commerce between Eskişehir and Ankara, thanks to reduced journey time.

EducationLibrary of the Anadolu University

There are two universities in Eskişehir. These are the Anadolu University and Eskişehir Osmangazi University. The current Metropolitan Mayor of Eskişehir, Prof. Dr. Yılmaz Büyükerşen, was formerly the rector of the Anadolu University.


The city has a significant population of Turkic Crimean Tatars. It also attracted ethnic Turks emigrating from Balkan countries such as Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia, and the Sandžak region of Serbia, who contributed to the development of the city''s metalworking industries. Eskişehir also hosted the inaugural Türkvizyon Song Contest in 2013, which aims to highlight music and artists from various Turkish countries and regions. The city is also home to the Dünya Müzeleri Müzesi or Museum of World Museums.


Most of modern-day Eskişehir was rebuilt after the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922), but a number of historic buildings remain, such as the Kurşunlu Cami Mosque. The archaeological site of the ancient Phrygian city of Dorylaeum is close to Eskişehir. The city is noted for its natural hot sulphur springs.


Eskişehir has a continental climate with a warm summer subtype (Dsb) under Köppen climate classification, with cold, snowy winters with an average of −0.1 °C (31.8 °F) and warm, dry summers with average highs reaching 29 °C (84.2 °F). Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn. Due to Eskişehir''s high altitude and its dry summers, nightly temperatures in the summer months are cool. Precipitation levels are low, but precipitation can be observed throughout the year.

Climate data for Eskişehir (1960-2012) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Avg. rainy days Avg. snowy days Mean monthly sunshine hours
20.2 (68.4) 21.5 (70.7) 28.1 (82.6) 31.2 (88.2) 33.9 (93) 36.8 (98.2) 40.6 (105.1) 39.0 (102.2) 36.4 (97.5) 33.0 (91.4) 25.4 (77.7) 21.4 (70.5) 40.6 (105.1)
3.8 (38.8) 6.2 (43.2) 11.4 (52.5) 16.8 (62.2) 21.8 (71.2) 25.9 (78.6) 28.9 (84) 29.1 (84.4) 25.2 (77.4) 19.5 (67.1) 12.4 (54.3) 6.0 (42.8) 17.25 (63.04)
−0.1 (31.8) 1.3 (34.3) 5.1 (41.2) 10.2 (50.4) 15.1 (59.2) 19.1 (66.4) 21.7 (71.1) 21.4 (70.5) 17.2 (63) 12.0 (53.6) 6.2 (43.2) 2.1 (35.8) 10.94 (51.71)
−3.7 (25.3) −3.0 (26.6) −0.5 (31.1) 3.7 (38.7) 7.8 (46) 11.2 (52.2) 13.8 (56.8) 13.6 (56.5) 9.4 (48.9) 5.3 (41.5) 1.0 (33.8) −1.3 (29.7) 4.77 (40.59)
−27.8 (−18) −22.4 (−8.3) −16.5 (2.3) −10.4 (13.3) −2.2 (28) 0.5 (32.9) 5.0 (41) 3.6 (38.5) −2.0 (28.4) −7.1 (19.2) −12.2 (10) −19.2 (−2.6) −27.8 (−18)
40.2 (1.583) 31.6 (1.244) 36.8 (1.449) 43.4 (1.709) 44.4 (1.748) 31.0 (1.22) 13.2 (0.52) 8.7 (0.343) 14.5 (0.571) 30.6 (1.205) 31.7 (1.248) 48.4 (1.906) 374.5 (14.746)
12.9 11.4 11.3 11.5 10.3 7.2 3.7 3.2 4.7 8.3 9.9 12.8 107.2
10 9 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 6 34
77.5 140.6 158.1 183 260.4 309 353.4 331.7 267 186 123 65.1 2,454.8
Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü
Source #2: Weather2
Sports Club Sport Established League Venue
Eskişehirspor Football 1965 Turkcell Super League (Turkish Premier Division) Eskişehir Atatürk Stadium
Anadolu University Basketball ? Turkish Basketball League 2 Anadolu University Sports Hall
Notable natives International relations See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkey Twin towns — Sister cities

Eskişehir is twinned with:

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