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Espahbodan Dynasty

Gavbaregan

سلسله اسپهبدان ، پادشاهان گاوبارگان


Espahbodan_Dynasty_Espahbod_Farkhan_Silver_Coin_Tabarestan.jpg
Espahbodan Dynasty ruled over Tabarestan from 642 AD until 761 AD for 119 years. Although the Sassanian Dynasty ended after the last Shahanshah Yazdgerd 3rd was killed, Gilan and Tabarestan remained invincible for some time.Espahbodan Dynasty or Gavbaregan kings were indeed Sassanian princes whose family tree returns to Jamasp 1st, the son of Pirouz 1st. Jamasp 1 lost the power struggle for the Sassanian throne and escaped to Armenia. One of his sons named Nersi succeeded him who also was succeeded by Pirouz. Pirouz reigned in Gilan. He was succeeded by his son Gilanshah. A son of Gilanshah was Gil Gilanshah or Gavbareh who ascended the Espahbodan throne as a vassal Sassanian king in 642. In 666 AD, his realm included Tabarestan from Amol to Gorgan. Gil Gilanshah's reign coincided with that of Omar Bin Khattab of Rashidun Caliphs whose army was ravaging Persia at that time. But Gil Gilanshah resisted against the Arab invasion and he was never defeated despite all odds against him including the fall of Sassanid Empire. Gil Gilanshah died in 681 AD. His two sons divided their father's realm and Dabouyeh founded the Gavbaregan or Espahbodan Dynasty in Gilan while his brother Padousian ruled in Royan of Mazandaran.Dabouyeh died in 711 AD and he was succeeded by Espahbod Farkhan who was nicknamed Zolmanagheb by Arab rulers. During his reign, Arab invaders attacked Gilan and Tabarestan several times but were defeated.Espahbod Farkhan was succeeded by his son Espahbod Dazmehr from 728 to 740 AD.When Espahbod Dazmehr died his son Khorshid was 6 years old, therefore his brother Lesser Farkhan (Farkhan-e Kouchak) ruled as regent.Espahbod Khorshid ruled from 748 at the age of 14 until 761 AD when he committed suicide after hearing all his family were killed and ended the Espahbodan Dynasty.In this context, rulers of the Espahbodan Dynasty can be listed as:1.Espahbod Farkhan2.Espahbod Dazmehr3.Espahbod Farkhan the Lesser (as regent)4.EspahboEspahbodan Dynasty ruled over Tabarestan from 642 AD until 761 AD for 119 years. Although the Sassanian Dynasty ended after the last Shahanshah Yazdgerd 3rd was killed, Gilan and Tabarestan remained invincible for some time.Espahbodan Dynasty or Gavbaregan kings were indeed Sassanian princes whose family tree returns to Jamasp 1st, the son of Pirouz 1st. Jamasp 1 lost the power struggle for the Sassanian throne and escaped to Armenia. One of his sons named Nersi succeeded him who also was succeeded by Pirouz. Pirouz reigned in Gilan. He was succeeded by his son Gilanshah. A son of Gilanshah was Gil Gilanshah or Gavbareh who ascended the Espahbodan throne as a vassal Sassanian king in 642. In 666 AD, his realm included Tabarestan from Amol to Gorgan. Gil Gilanshah's reign coincided with that of Omar Bin Khattab of Rashidun Caliphs whose army was ravaging Persia at that time. But Gil Gilanshah resisted against the Arab invasion and he was never defeated despite all odds against him including the fall of Sassanid Empire. Gil Gilanshah died in 681 AD. His two sons divided their father's realm and Dabouyeh founded the Gavbaregan or Espahbodan Dynasty in Gilan while his brother Padousian ruled in Royan of Mazandaran.Dabouyeh died in 711 AD and he was succeeded by Espahbod Farkhan who was nicknamed Zolmanagheb by Arab rulers. During his reign, Arab invaders attacked Gilan and Tabarestan several times but were defeated.Espahbod Farkhan was succeeded by his son Espahbod Dazmehr from 728 to 740 AD.When Espahbod Dazmehr died his son Khorshid was 6 years old, therefore his brother Lesser Farkhan (Farkhan-e Kouchak) ruled as regent.Espahbod Khorshid ruled from 748 at the age of 14 until 761 AD when he committed suicide after hearing all his family were killed and ended the Espahbodan Dynasty.In this context, rulers of the Espahbodan Dynasty can be listed as:1.Espahbod Farkhan2.Espahbod Dazmehr3.Espahbod Farkhan the Lesser (as regent)4.Espahbod KDynasty ruled over Tabarestan from 642 AD until 761 AD for 119 years. Although the Sassanian Dynasty ended after the last Shahanshah Yazdgerd 3rd was killed, Gilan and Tabarestan remained invincible for some time.Espahbodan Dynasty or Gavbaregan kings were indeed Sassanian princes whose family tree returns to Jamasp 1st, the son of Pirouz 1st. Jamasp 1 lost the power struggle for the Sassanian throne and escaped to Armenia. One of his sons named Nersi succeeded him who also was succeeded by Pirouz. Pirouz reigned in Gilan. He was succeeded by his son Gilanshah. A son of Gilanshah was Gil Gilanshah or Gavbareh who ascended the Espahbodan throne as a vassal Sassanian king in 642. In 666 AD, his realm included Tabarestan from Amol to Gorgan. Gil Gilanshah's reign coincided with that of Omar Bin Khattab of Rashidun Caliphs whose army was ravaging Persia at that time. But Gil Gilanshah resisted against the Arab invasion and he was never defeated despite all odds against him including the fall of Sassanid Empire. Gil Gilanshah died in 681 AD. His two sons divided their father's realm and Dabouyeh founded the Gavbaregan or Espahbodan Dynasty in Gilan while his brother Padousian ruled in Royan of Mazandaran.Dabouyeh died in 711 AD and he was succeeded by Espahbod Farkhan who was nicknamed Zolmanagheb by Arab rulers. During his reign, Arab invaders attacked Gilan and Tabarestan several times but were defeated.Espahbod Farkhan was succeeded by his son Espahbod Dazmehr from 728 to 740 AD.When Espahbod Dazmehr died his son Khorshid was 6 years old, therefore his brother Lesser Farkhan (Farkhan-e Kouchak) ruled as regent.Espahbod Khorshid ruled from 748 at the age of 14 until 761 AD when he committed suicide after hearing all his family were killed and ended the Espahbodan Dynasty.In this context, rulers of the Espahbodan Dynasty can be listed as:1.Espahbod Farkhan2.Espahbod Dazmehr3.Espahbod Farkhan the Lesser (as regent)4.Espahbod Khorshid

Tags:Amol, Arab, Armenia, Dynasty, Espahbod Dazmehr, Espahbod Farkhan, Espahbod Khorshid, Espahbodan, Espahbodan Dynasty, Gilan, Gorgan, Khorshid, Mazandaran, Persia, Pirouz, Rashidun, Royan, Sassanian, Sassanian Dynasty, Sassanid, Shahanshah, Tabarestan, Yazdgerd




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