سلسله اسپهبدان ، پادشاهان گاوبارگان
Espahbodan Dynasty ruled over
Tabarestan from 642 AD until 761 AD for 119 years. Although the
Sassanian Dynasty ended after the last
Yazdgerd 3rd was killed,
Gilan and Tabarestan remained invincible for some time.
Dynasty or Gavbaregan kings were indeed
Sassanian princes whose family tree returns to Jamasp 1st, the son of
Jamasp 1 lost the power struggle for the Sassanian throne and escaped to
Armenia. One of his sons named Nersi succeeded him who also was succeeded by Pirouz. Pirouz reigned in Gilan. He was succeeded by his son Gilanshah. A son of Gilanshah was Gil Gilanshah or Gavbareh who ascended the Espahbodan throne as a vassal Sassanian king in 642. In 666 AD, his realm included Tabarestan from
Gil Gilanshah's reign coincided with that of Omar Bin Khattab of
Rashidun Caliphs whose army was ravaging
Persia at that time. But Gil Gilanshah resisted against the
Arab invasion and he was never defeated despite all odds against him including the fall of
Gil Gilanshah died in 681 AD. His two sons divided their father's realm and Dabouyeh founded the Gavbaregan or Espahbodan Dynasty in Gilan while his brother Padousian ruled in
Dabouyeh died in 711 AD and he was succeeded by
Espahbod Farkhan who was nicknamed Zolmanagheb by Arab rulers. During his reign, Arab invaders attacked Gilan and Tabarestan several times but were defeated.
Espahbod Farkhan was succeeded by his son
Espahbod Dazmehr from 728 to 740 AD.
When Espahbod Dazmehr died his son
Khorshid was 6 years old, therefore his brother Lesser Farkhan (Farkhan-e Kouchak) ruled as regent.
Espahbod Khorshid ruled from 748 at the age of 14 until 761 AD when he committed suicide after hearing all his family were killed and ended the Espahbodan Dynasty.
In this context, rulers of the Espahbodan Dynasty can be listed as:
3.Espahbod Farkhan the Lesser (as regent)