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Euphrates River

فرات ، رود فرات

Euphrates River is the largest river in southwest Asia; it rises in Turkey, Armenia and Iran then flows southeast across Syria and through Iraq until the Persian Gulf. The Euphrates descends between major ranges of the Taurus Mountains and drops nearly 300 m to the Syrian plateau. It then flows through western and central Iraq to unite with the Tigris and continues, as Arvand river making the border line with Iran to the Persian Gulf. Total: 3,596 km long. Its valley was heavily irrigated in ancient times, and many great cities, some of whose ruins remain, lined its banks. With the Tigris, it defines an area known historically as Mesopotamia.After joining Tigris, it's called Shattol Arab. Many important ancient cities were located on or near the Euphrates riverside, including Mari, Sippar, Nippur, Shuruppak, Uruk, Ur and Eridu. The river valley formed the heartlands of the later empires of Babylonia and Assyria. Euphrates takes its name from Avesta: Huperethuua meaning "Happy Ending".For several centuries, the river formed the eastern limit of Egyptian and Roman control and western regions of the Persian Empire. (Wikipedia) - The Euphrates is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf. Euphrates For the song "River Euphrates" by the Pixies, see Surfer Rosa. Coordinates: 31°0′18″N 47°26′31″E / 31.005°N 47.44194°E / 31.005; 47.44194 Euphrates Arabic: الفرات‎: al-Furāt, Turkish: Fırat, Kurdish: Firat, Syriac: ܦܪܬ: Prath, Hebrew: פרת‎ Prat, Armenian: Եփրատ?: Yeprat River The Euphrates near Halabiye (Syria); the site can be seen in the background on the left bank Name origin: from Greek, from Old Persian Ufrātu, from Elamite ú-ip-ra-tu-iš Countries Iraq, Syria, Turkey Basin area Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait Tributaries  - left Balikh, Khabur  - right Sajur Cities Birecik, Ar-Raqqah, Deir ez-Zor, Mayadin, Haditha, Ramadi, Habbaniyah, Fallujah, Arab, Arabia, Arabic, Armenia, Armenian, Arvand, Asia, Assyria, Avesta, Babylonia, Egyptian, Elamite, Euphrates, Fallujah, Greek, Habbaniyah, Hebrew, Iran, Iraq, Kurdish, Kuwait, Mesopotamia, Nippur, Persian, Persian Gulf, Roman, Saudi, Saudi Arabia, Sippar, Syria, Syrian, Taurus, Tigris, Turkey, Wikipedia

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