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Iran Contra Affair
رسوایی فروش مخفیانه تسلیحات
U.S. political scandal ; In 1985 Robert McFarlane, head of the National
Security Council, authorized sales of weapons to
Iran in an attempt to secure the release of U.S. hostages held in
Hezbollah. The deal contravened U.S. stated policy. At the instigation of Oliver North, a N
SC staff member, and with the approval of John M. Poindexter, part of the $48 million paid by Iran for the arms was diverted to the
Nicaraguan contras, in direct violation of a 1984 law banning such assistance to contras.
The Contra was a counter-revolutionary force that sought to overthrow Nicaragua's left-wing Sandinista government.
Senate investigation resulted in the conviction of North and Poindexter on charges of obstructing justice and related offenses, though their convictions were later overturned on the ground that testimony given at their trials had been influenced by information they had supplied to
Congress under a limited grant of immunity.
Ronald Reagan accepted responsibility for the arms-for-hostages deal but denied any knowledge of the diversion.
Related History Articles:
- US Arms Deal With Iran Revealed