میران ، میران شاہ
Shah (1366 – 16 April 1408) was a son of
Teimur Lang, and a
Teimurid (Goorkani) governor during his father's lifetime.
Miran Shah's first charge was a vast region centered on
Kandahar, which he was granted in 1383. That same year, he destroyed a rebellion against Teimurid authority by the
Kartids, then vassals of Teimur in
Khorasan under their leader Ghyesaddin. To solidify control over the area, in 1396 he invited the remaining Kartid princes to a banquet and slew them.
In the winter of 1386 Miran Shah defeated an invading force of the
Golden Horde that was on its way to
Persia. He captured several prisoners, but these were released under light conditions when handed over to Teimur.
In 1396 Miran Shah was given control of
Azerbaijan, principally the cities of
Soltaniyeh, the former capital of the
Mongol khanates, and
Tabriz. In the summer of 1398 he marched from Tabriz with the goal of subduing the
Baghdad, but was forced to call off the expedition. Meanwhile, rumors had come to Teimur that his son was planning to betray him. The conqueror was also angry over Miran Shah's refusal to solve the problems of tax dodgers within his area, and over his son's inability to keep the important fortress of Alinjaq out of the hands of the Jalayerids. In 1399 Teimur sent a force under his nephew Soleyman Shah to summon Miran Shah. The latter came with Soleyman Shah willingly back to his father, where he was deposed of his governorship and assigned to his father's company for four years. His friends and advisors were executed.
Because of mental difficulties caused by an accident, Miran Shah was not a candidate for succeeding Teimur. In the struggle that followed Teimur's death in 1405, his son Aba Bakr managed to oust Jalayerid forces from Tabriz and Miran Shah re-established himself in Azerbaijan. At the same time, Miran Shah supported another son, Khalil
Sultan, a claimant to the throne. He marched with Aba Bakr in an attempt to reinforce Khalil, but eventually turned back. Meanwhile, he had to deal with the growing threat of the
Turcoman Tribes, under Kara Yusuf. The latter defeated Aba Bakr at
Nakhjevan in 1406 and again at Sard Rood in 1408. In the last battle, Miran Shah was killed.
The line of Miran Shah continued to play a prominent role in the remnants of the Teimurid Empire, when
Abu Saeed came to power in
Transoxiana. He is also the ancestor of
Babur, the founder of the