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Persian Immortals

سپاه جاودان ، گارد جاویدان،انوشیا


Achaemenid_Elite_Immortals.jpg
Immortality is an essential concept in Iranian history. It's the foundation of Iran's cultural heritage according to which a Martyr never dies. On the contrary, every drop of his blood nurtures the ideals leading the path to independence, freedom, and higher collective interests. The "Immortals", sometimes "Ten Thousand Immortals" or "Persian Immortals" was the name given by Herodotus to an elite force of soldiers under the Achaemenid Empire. This force performed the dual roles of both Imperial Guard and standing army during the Persian Empire's expansion and during the Greco-Persian Wars. Its Persian name may have been Anushiya.Herodotus describes the 'Immortals' as being heavy infantry led by Hydarnes that were kept constantly at strength of exactly 10,000 men. He claimed that the unit's name stemmed from the custom that every killed, seriously wounded or sick member was immediately replaced with a new one, maintaining the cohesion of the unit.This elite corps is only called the 'Immortals' in sources based on Herodotus. Whilst there is evidence for them from Persia, this does not mention this name for them. The 'Immortals' played an important role in Cyrus the Great conquest of the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 547 BC, Cambyses' campaign against Egypt in 525 BC and Dariush the Great invasion of India's smaller western frontier kingdoms (western Punjabh and Sindh) and Scythia in 520 BC and 513 BC. Immortals participated in the Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC and were amongst the Persian occupation troops in Greece in 479 BC under Mardonius.Herodotus describes their armament as follows: wicker shields, short spears, swords or large daggers, bow and arrow. Underneath their robes they wore scale armor coats. The spear counterbalances of the common soldiery were of silver; to differentiate commanding ranks, the officers' spear butt-spikes were golden. The regiment was followed by a caravan of covered carriages, camels, and mules that transported their supplies, along with concubines and attendants to serve them; this supply train carried special food that was reserved only for their consumption.The headdress worn by the Immortals is believed to have been the Persian tiara. Its actual form is uncertain, but some sources describe it as a cloth or felt cap which could be pulled over the face to keep out wind and dust in the arid Persian plains. Surviving Achaemenid colored glazed bricks and carved reliefs represent the Immortals as wearing elaborate robes and gold jewelry, though these garments and accessories were most likely worn only for ceremonial occasions.The title of "Immortals" was first revived under the Sassanid army. The most famous of the Savaran units were the Javedan (Immortals) and numbered 10,000 men, like the Achaemenid predecessors, with the difference that they were cavalry. Their task was mainly to secure any breakthroughs and to enter battles at crucial stages.The title of "Immortals" was again revived under the Byzantine Empire, under the Emperor Michael VII (1071–1081). His general Nikephoros reorganised the central field army ("Tagmata") of the Eastern Empire following the disastrous defeat of Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Byzantine, Cambyses, Cyrus, Cyrus the Great, Dariush, Dariush the Great, Egypt, Greco, Greece, Herodotus, Hydarnes, India, Iran, Iranian, Mardonius, Persia, Persian, Persian Immortals, Sassanid, Savaran, Scythia, Thermopylae





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Achaemenid Elite unit soldiers called Immortals.Their armament was wicker shields, short spears, swords or large daggers, bow and arrow. The regiment was followed by a caravan of covered carriages, camels, and mules that transported their supplies
Achaemenid Elite Immortals: Archers, spearman from Susa Palace. Such artifacts have been vandalised, destroyed and some of them smuggled out of Iran are in pretty good conditions like this one in Louvre Museum in Paris.
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