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Qajar_King_Naseroddin_Shah_Portrait.jpg
(Wikipedia) - Portrait For other uses, see Portrait (disambiguation).Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1805. New-York Historical Society.Roman-Egyptian funeral portrait of a young boyMoche Ceramic Portrait. Larco Museum Collection. Lima-Peru

A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.

ContentsHistory Main article: Portrait painting

Some of the earliest surviving painted portraits of people, who were not kings or emperors, are the funeral portraits that survived in the dry climate of Egypt's Fayum district. These are almost the only paintings from the classical world that have survived, apart from frescos, though many sculptures survive, and portraits on coins.

The art of the portrait flourished in Ancient Greek and especially Roman sculpture, where sitters demanded individualized and realistic portraits, even unflattering ones. During the 4th century, the portrait began to retreat in favor of an idealized symbol of what that person looked like. (Compare the portraits of Roman Emperors Constantine I and Theodosius I at their entries.) In the Europe of the Early Middle Ages representations of individuals are mostly generalized. True portraits of the outward appearance of individuals re-emerged in the late Middle Ages, in tomb monuments, donor portraits, miniatures in illuminated manuscripts and then panel paintings.

Moche culture of Peru was one of the few ancient civilizations which produced portraits. These works accurately represent anatomical features in great detail. The individuals portrayed would have been recognizable without the need for other symbols or a written reference to their names. The individuals portrayed were members of the ruling elite, priests, warriors and even distinguished artisans.

They were represented during several stages of their lives. The faces of gods were also depicted. To date, no portraits of women have been found. There is particular emphasis on the representation of the details of headdresses, hairstyles, body adornment and face painting.

One of the best-known portraits in the Western world is Leonardo da Vinci's painting titled Mona Lisa, which is a painting of Lisa del Giocondo. The world's oldest known portrait was found in 2006 in the Vilhonneur grotto near Angoulême and is thought to be 27,000 years old.

Orientation of head in 2-dimensional artworkPortrait illustrating three-quarter view.

Profile view, full face view, and three-quarter view, are three common designations for portraits, each referring to a particular orientation of the head of the individual depicted. Such terms would tend to have greater applicability to two-dimensional artwork such as photography and painting than to three-dimensional artwork such as sculpture. In the case of three-dimensional artwork, the viewer can usually alter their orientation to the artwork by walking around it.

Self-portraiture Main article: self-portraitSelf-portrait by Vincent van Gogh.

When the artist creates a portrait of him- or herself, it is called a self-portrait. Identifiable examples become numerous in the late Middle Ages, but if the definition is extended the first was by the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten's sculptor Bak, who carved a representation of himself and his wife Taheri c. 1365 BC. However, it seems likely that self-portraits go back to the cave paintings, the earliest representational art, and literature records several classical examples that are now lost.

Portrait photography Main article: Portrait photography

Portrait photography is a popular commercial industry all over the world. Many people enjoy having professionally made family portraits to hang in their homes, or special portraits to commemorate certain events, such as graduations or weddings.

Portrait photograph of Thomas Dilward by Mathew Brady.Portrait photograph by ‪Augusto De Luca‬

Since the dawn of photography, people have made portraits. The popularity of the daguerreotype in the middle of the 19th century was due in large part to the demand for inexpensive portraiture. Studios sprang up in cities around the world, some cranking out more than 500 plates a day. The style of these early works reflected the technical challenges associated with 30-second exposure times and the painterly aesthetic of the time. Subjects were generally seated against plain backgrounds and lit with the soft light of an overhead window and whatever else could be reflected with mirrors.

As photographic techniques developed, an intrepid group of photographers took their talents out of the studio and onto battlefields, across oceans and into remote wilderness. William Shew's Daguerreotype Saloon, Roger Fenton's Photographic Van and Mathew Brady's What-is-it? wagon set the standards for making portraits and other photographs in the field.

PoliticsThe large portrait of Mao Zedong hanging in Tiananmen Square is a well-known example of political portraiture.

In politics, portraits of the leader are often used as a symbol of the state. In most countries it is common protocol for a portrait of the head of state to appear in important government buildings. Excessive use of a leader's portrait, such as that done of Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, or Mao Zedong, can be indicative of a personality cult.

Literature Main article: Portrait (literature)

In literature the term portrait refers to a written description or analysis of a person or thing. A written portrait often gives deep insight, and offers an analysis that goes far beyond the superficial. For example, American author Patricia Cornwell wrote a best-selling book titled Portrait of a Killer about the personality, background, and possible motivations of Jack the Ripper, as well as the media coverage of his murders, and the subsequent police investigation of his crimes.

Tags:Adolf Hitler, American, Constantine I, Egypt, Egyptian, Greek, Hitler, Peru, Pharaoh, Roman, Stalin, Theodosius, Wikipedia





See All 6 items matching Portrait in Media Gallery

A Portrait painting of the Qajar King Naseroddin Shah, a dictator who reigned in Iran for half a centuray despite being one of the most inept and corrupt rulers of all times. Until he was assassinated by Mirza Reza Kermani on May,1 1896.
Painting from great Iranian politician and anti-imperialist fighter Mohammad Mosaddegh.Mohammad (May 19, 1882 – March 5, 1967) He was a major figure in modern Iranian history who served as the Prime Minister of Iran.
A Portrait of Safavid king Shah Abbas. Shah Abbas was name of two Safavid Emperors:1- Shah Abbas 1st the Great was the 5th Safavid King (1588-1629) 2- Shah Abbas 2nd was Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666.
Shah Ismail Safavi's Portrait. Shah Ismail was king of Iran (1501-1524) and founder of the Safavid Dynasty. His father was Sheikh Heydar and his mother was Alamshah (daughter of Uzun Hasan Ak Koyunlu)
Young Naseoddin Shah's Portrait in Louvre Museum. He was the first modern Iranian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review)
A Portrait of Karimkhan Zand sitting with Sword and dagger adorn with jewels

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