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(Wikipedia) - Princess For other uses, see Princess (disambiguation).
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Royal, noble and chivalric ranks
  • Grand duke
  • Grand prince
Sovereign Prince / Fürst
Marquess / Marquis / Margrave / Landgrave
Count / Earl
Viscount / Vidame
  • Baronet
  • Hereditary Knight
  • v
  • t
  • e

Princess is the feminine form of prince (from Latin princeps, meaning principal citizen). Most often, the term has been used for the consort of a prince or for the daughters of a king or sovereign prince.

For many centuries, the title "princess" was not regularly used for a monarch's daughter, who might simply be called "Lady" or a non-English equivalent. Old English had no female equivalent of "prince", "earl", or any royal or noble title aside from queen. Royal women, or women of the nobility, were simply addressed or referred to as "Lady" or "The Lady Firstname" for a particularly highborn woman.

As women slowly gained more autonomy and respect in European history, the title of princess became simply the female counterpart of prince; it does not necessarily imply being merely married to a prince, she may be the unmarried daughter of a monarch or other royal or noble of sufficient rank (king, queen, prince, grand duke, duke, or other). Further, a princess may be a hereditary sovereign, head of state in her own right.

The traditional meaning still applies in Europe in the sense that an untitled or at least non-royal woman who marries a prince will almost always become a princess with the possibility of eventually becoming Queen Consort, in nations where that title exists; but a man who marries a princess will almost never become a prince, unless his wife is expected to inherit the higher title of Queen regnant. If that is the case, then on her inheritance of that sovereign title, he will often become a prince (or remain one if he was already a prince).

In many of Europe's royal families, a king would grant his heirs actual or theoretical principalities to train them for future kingship or to give them social class. This practice has led over time to many people thinking that "prince" and "princess" are titles reserved for the immediate family of a king or queen. In fact, most princesses in history were not immediate members of a royal family but rather women who married into it.

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See All 6 items matching Princess in Media Gallery

The Wedding at Susa ate 19th century engraving: Macedonian Alexander takes the daughter of last Achaemenid emperor Dariush 3rd Princess Barsineh (Statira 2nd) as his wife in order to make himself accepted among Persian nobles.
Qajar Naseroddin Shah in Britain sitting between Princessed of Wales and Russia at a concert in Robert Hall. Shah's European trips to indulge his lust cost the nation alot as he ran out of money and gave away concessions to borrow money.
Engagement ceremony in Egypt. LTR: Princess Fouziyeh (Fawzia) ,Reza Shah Pahlavi, Egyptian Queen Nazli (Fouziyeh's mother) Prince Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. By this marriage Reza Shah planned to inject some royal blood for his son's legitimacy.
From the Qajar royal family: Princess Ezzatossaltaneh, the daughter of Mozaffaroddin Shah and grand-daughter of Amirkabir who married Prince Abdolhossein Mirza Farmanfarma. In this photo, she is wearing a long dress and headscarf standing by a clock.
An artist: probably Ostad Shakiba’s visualization of Achaemenid Princess Atoosa in all glory and style. Atoosa is seen wearing a crown; the other woman cannot take her eyes from her. Atoosa was the daughter of Cyrus the Great and wife of Dariush the Great
Qajar princess Ezzatoddoleh, daughter of Mohammad Shah, sister of Naseroddin Shah, wife of Mirza taghi Khan Amirkabir

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