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Ray, Rey

رِی ، شهر ری

City of ancient Media; ruins at modern village of Rey south of Tehran, Iran.It was formerly one of the great cities of Iran; its ruins are at modern Rey, near Tehran. Settlements date back to 3rd millennium BC. Under the Sassanid dynasty , it was a centre of Zoroastrianism. According to Avesta, Rhagae is the 13th city of the world.Captured by the Caliphates in AD 641, It grew in importance until the 12th century. In 1220 it was destroyed by Mongols, and citizens were massacred for resisting. The Abbasi Caliph Harun ol-Rashid, memorialized in 1001 Nights, was born there around 765. The only remaining architectural features from ancient Rhagae are two towers. (Wikipedia) - Rey, Iran   (Redirected from Rhagae) For the administrative subdivision, see Rey County. "Ray, Iran" redirects here. For the village in South Khorasan Province, see Ray, South Khorasan. Ray ری Country Province County Time zone  • Summer (DST)
District of Tehran
Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine
Coordinates: 35°35′N 51°26′E / 35.583°N 51.433°E / 35.583; 51.433Coordinates: 35°35′N 51°26′E / 35.583°N 51.433°E / 35.583; 51.433
Capital of Rey, but within Tehran
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Rey or Ray (Persian: شهر ری‎, Shahr-e-Ray, "City of Ray"), also known as Rhages (/ˈreɪdʒəz/; Greek: Ῥάγαι, Rhagai; Latin: Rhagae or Rhaganae) and formerly as Arsacia, is the capital of Rey County, Tehran Province, Iran, and is the oldest existing city in the province.

Ray today has been absorbed into the Greater Tehran metropolitan area. Ray is connected via the Tehran Metro to the rest of Tehran and has many industries and factories in operation. Limited excavations of what was not bulldozed began in 1997 in collaboration with the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), the Department of Archaeological Sciences of the University of Bradford and the Department of Archaeology of the University of Tehran.

Note on spelling: According to the Iranian Chamber Society, the correct spelling of the city in both English and Persian is "Ray," (with an "a" vowel sound) though variations in spelling also exist. The city university also uses the spelling "Ray" ("Azad University, Shahr-e-Ray") as does the Encyclopædia Iranica published by Columbia University.


History See also: Military history of Ray, Iran

A settlement began here c 6,000 BCE as part of the Central Plateau Culture. The settlement was used as a capital by the Medes called Rhaga. In Classical Roman geography it was called Rhagae. It is mentioned several times in the Apocrypha. Its name dates back to the pre-Median. Some historians attribute its building to ancient mythological monarchs, and some others believe that Ray was the seat of a dynasty of Zoroastrian leader.

Ray is richer than many other ancient cities in the number of its historical monuments, among which one might refer to the 3000-year-old Gebri castle, the 5000-year-old Cheshmeh Ali hill, the 1000-year-old Bibi Shahr Banoo tomb and Shah Abbasi caravanserai. It has been home to pillars of science like Rhazes.

After the Mongol conquest the town was severely damaged and it gradually lost its importance in the presence of nearby Tehran.

There is also a shrine there, dedicated to commemorate Princess Shahr Banu, eldest daughter of the last ruler of the Sassanid Empire. She gave birth to Ali Zayn al Abidin, the fourth holy Imam of the Shia faith. This was through her marriage to Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. A nearby mountain is also named after her. However, some sources attribute the shrine to the goddess of water and fertility, Anahita, claiming it was renamed in Islamic times to protect it from any possible harm after the conversion of Iranians to Islam.

View from Rashkan hill to Ray and Bibi-shahr-bano mountainMain sights1818 map by Robert Ker PorterTughrul Tower, a 12th-century monument commemorating the Seljuq monarch Tuğrul Beg, is one of the historical structures still standing today. Notable people

Tags:Abbasi, Anahita, Archaeology, Avesta, Azad, Bazaar, Beg, Boston, Capital, Cheshmeh Ali, Chicago, Columbia, Columbia University, Greater Tehran, Greek, Hadi Saei, Hamid Sourian, Harun al-Rashid, Imam, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Cultural Heritage, Islam, Islamic, Javad Nekounam, Khorasan, Medes, Media, Mehdi, Military history of Ray, Iran, Mongol, Pennsylvania, Persian, Philadelphia, Plateau, Qajar, Ray, Rey, Rey, Iran, Rhagae, Roman, Safavid, Sassanid, Shah, Shia, Silk Road, South Khorasan, Tehran, Tehran Metro, Tehran Province, University of Tehran, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian, Zoroastrians

See Also:Rey, Iran

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