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Shemiran

شمیران


1900_darvazeh_Shemiran_Gate.jpg
Shemiran also called Shemiranat, center of Shemiranat County) is the name of the northern part of the city of Tehran. Shemiran used to be the summer residence of the elite during Qajar and Pahlavi dynasties. The Saadabad and Niyavaran palace complexes are some of the main attractions in the area. (Wikipedia) - Shemiran For the village in Kerman Province, see Shemiran, Kerman. Shemiran شمیران Country Province County Time zone  • Summer (DST)
District of Tehran
Modern highrises of Elahieh in Shemiran, Tehran, Iran
Shemiran
Coordinates: 35°51′56″N 51°32′56″E / 35.86556°N 51.54889°E / 35.86556; 51.54889Coordinates: 35°51′56″N 51°32′56″E / 35.86556°N 51.54889°E / 35.86556; 51.54889
 Iran
Tehran
Capital of Shemiranat, but located within Tehran
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Shariati Ave, looking north, toward the Alborz Mountains towering over Shemiran district, Tehran, Iran

Shemiran (Persian: شمیران‎ , also Romanized as Shemīrān; also known as Shemīrānāt) is the capital of Shemiranat County, Tehran Province, Iran, but is actually located just north of the borders of Tehran County along Chamran Expressway and Sadr Expressway and it is the northernmost district of the city of Tehran.

Shemiran lies in the slopes of Alborz Mountain and enjoys a suitable mild climate. It has fine and well-kept parks and is home to the richest class of Iranian society. Most of the foreign embassies and the Tehran International Fair are situated in Shemiran.

Shemiran used to be the summer residence of the Qajar and Pahlavi Shahs who built several palace complexes and villas in the area. Some examples are the Sa''dabad Palace Complex and the Niavaran Palace Complex.

It is also where Imam Zadeh Saleh is, and where the former home of Imam Khomeini was located.

Among the neighborhoods of Shemiran are: Darakeh, Darband, Jamaran, and Niavaran on the far north, as well as Zafaraniyeh, Elahiyeh, Velenjak, Gheytarieh, and Farmanieh.

Name

The word Shemiran or Shemran is the arabized form of the word Chamran (Arabic has no phoneme, i.e. was replcaed by ) consisted of two parts: "cham" (meaning "cold" in Avestan; "zama" or "zem") + "ran" (meaning "slope"). In fact "shemran" means "the cold place" or "the cold slope".

It is common in the Iranian languages that the letter "z" (Persian: "ز" ‎) changes to letter "ch" (Persian: "چ" ‎), For example in Persian the word "ruz" or "rooz" (day), from Middle Persian "roch", is still "roch" in Balochi language and "roj" in Kurdish. Another example is the word "zemestan" (winter) consisted of two parts: "zem" (cold) + "estan" or "istan" (being, or existence), which sometimes can be seen in Persian Literature and common usage as "chamestan" or "chemestan".

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1900 darvazeh Shemiran Gate
People arriving at Tehran's Shemiran Gate
Darvazeh Shemiran 1900s: one of many gates of Tehran
Winter snow in Darvazeh Shemiran, northern city gate of Tehran in the beginning of the 20th century.Today, Darvazeh Shemiran is a densely populated district of Tehran with its metro station, a major hub for public transportation.

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