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    * Arbarios *


    Arbarios was a Persian general who played a major role during the succession crisis that followed the death of Artaxerxes I (424 a. C.). It is only mentioned by the Greek historian Ctesias of Cnidus and a Babylonian documents.Artaxerxes died when he was succeeded by his son and rightful heir Xerxes II, but soon he was killed by Sogdian, one of his brother bastards, who took the throne. Arbarios became commander of his cavalry. However, another illegitimate son of Artaxerxes, named Ochus, king in Babylon was recognized from the outset. Additionally, soon received the support of Arsames, satrap of Egypt, the eunuch Artoxares; Arbarios, meanwhile, betrayed Sogdianus passing to the side of Oco. Sogdian was finally defeated and killed, and Oco proclaimed himself king under the name of Darius II.1Arbarios (in Akkadian, Arbareme) is mentioned in the records of the family business Murashu of Nippur (Babylon), as well as a number of senior figures of the time. It is possible to observe that Arbarios was amply rewarded for his support of Darius II during the fratricidal war.The true epitome Artabario Ctesias mentions in his account of the rebellion of Cyrus the Younger against his brother King Artaxerxes II (401 a. C.). This Artabario, which could be identified with Arbarios, was executed for betraying Artaxerxes planned to camp and spend Ciro.2

    Tags:Arbarios, Artaxerxes, Babylon, Cyrus, Cyrus the Younger, Darius II, Egypt, Greek, Nippur, Ochus, Persian, Sogdianus, Xerxes

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