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    * Circesium *

    Busayrah,Buseira

    بصیره ، البصيرة


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    Ancient Circesium city in Osrhoene is now a town in eastern Syria named Busayrah, situated at the confluence of the Euphrates and Khabur Rivers, in the region of Deir ez-Zor.Circesium was founded under the Roman Emperor Diocletian at the confluence of the Khabur River with the Euphrates, where the river was commonly crossed. Circesium replaced a still older city, called Sirhi in Assyrian texts.Circesium is also the name of a Catholic titular see. According to the Notitia Dignitatum, at the beginning of the 5th century it was the see of the Praefect of the Legio IIII Parthica.The city was restored by Justinian I.Benjamin of Tudela and many after him identified it with Kharkamis (Carchamish) (known to the Greeks as Europos or Oropos), one of the capitals of the Hittites, located at Jirbas or Jerablus.Circesium was a bishopric in Osrhoene, suffragan of Edessa, it figures only in Parthey's Notitiae episcopatuum (c. 840). Lequien mentions five bishops: Jonas, who was present at Nicaea, and had suffered mutilation during the preceding persecution; Abramius, present at Chalcedon; Nonnus, a Severian (518 and 532); Davides, present at Constantinople (536); Thomas (553).There are also records of fourteen Jacobite bishops, from 793 to 1042. (Wikipedia) - Circesium

    Coordinates: 35°09′24″N 40°25′33″E / 35.156758°N 40.425739°E / 35.156758; 40.425739 Circesium (Classical Syriac: ܩܪܩܣܝܢ qerqesīn) was an ancient city in Osrhoene, corresponding to the modern city of Buseira, in the region of Deir ez-Zor in Syria, at the confluence of the Khabur River with the Euphrates.

    History

    Circesium was founded under the Roman Emperor Diocletian at the confluence of the Khabur River with the Euphrates, where the river was commonly crossed. Circesium replaced a still older city, called Sirhi in Assyrian texts.

    Circesium passed temporarily into the hands of the Persians by the treaty made by the Emperor Jovian (363).

    According to the Notitia Dignitatum, at the beginning of the 5th century it was the seat of the Praefectus of the Legio IIII Parthica.

    The city was restored by Justinian I.

    Benjamin of Tudela and many after him identified it wrongly with Kharkamis (Carchamish) (known to the Greeks as Europos or Oropos), one of the capitals of the Hittites, located at Jirbas or Jerablus.

    Bishopric

    The bishopric of Circesium was a suffragan of Edessa, the capital of the Roman province of Osrhoene.

    A Nestorian writer says that a Bishop Jonas of this see was one of the participants at the First Council of Nicaea (325) who had suffered mutilation during the preceding persecution. However, his name does not appear in the authentic list. Abrahamius, took part in the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and was a signatory of the joint letter that the bishops of the province of Osrhoene sent to Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian in 458 regarding the murder of Patriarch Proterius of Alexandria. Nonnus was a supporter of Severus of Antioch and was expelled by Emperor Justin I in 518. He also acted as a representative of the Monophysites at a conference held in Constantinople in 532. Davithas (David) was a member of the council called by Patriarch Menas of Constantinople in 536, and Thomas was at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553. Michael the Syrian lists fourteen Jacobite bishops of the see, apart from Nonnus, the last being of the 11th century.

    No longer a residential bishopric, Circesium is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

    Tags:Alexandria, Assyrian, Byzantine, Circesium, Classical, Constantinople, Edessa, Euphrates, Hittites, Justinian, Nestorian, Roman, Severus, Syria, Syrian, Thomas, Wikipedia


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