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    * Dehgan *

    دهگان ، دهقان،فلاح

    Dehgan, Dehghan or Dehqan mean farmer in Persian. (Wikipedia) - Farsiwan   (Redirected from Dehgan) For additional information refer also to Persian peoples. "Dehgan" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Dehgan, Iran.

    Fārsīwān (Persian: فارسیوان‎; or its regional forms: Pārsīwān or Pārsībān; "Persian-speaker") is a designation for Persian-speakers in some parts of Afghanistan. More specifically, it is used to refer to a distinct group of farmers and urban dwellers who are a subgroup of the greater Tajik population of Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The term excludes the Hazāra and Aymāq tribes who also speak dialects of Persian, but are generally believed to be distinct from the Tajiks. In Afghanistan, the Farsiwan are found predominantly in Herat and Farah provinces. Locally, they are also known as Fārsī (or Pārsī; literally meaning "Persian") and are roughly the same as the Persians of Eastern Iran. Although the term was originally coined with Persian language''s lexical root (Pārsībān), the suffix has been transformed into a Pashto form (-wān), and is usually utilized by the Pashtuns in Afghanistan to designate the Persian-speakers.


    Distinction from other Tajiks

    Like the Persians of Iran, the Farsiwan are often distinguished from other Tajiks by their adherence to Shia Islam as opposed to the Sunni sect favored by the majority of Tajiks. However, there are also minor linguistic differences especially among the rural Farsiwan. The Farsiwan sometimes speak a dialect more akin to the Darī dialects of the Persian language, for example the dialect of Kabul, as opposed to the standard Tehrānī dialect of Iran. However, most of the Fārsīwān speak the Khorasani dialect, namely Herāt and Farāh, as well as the Iranian provinces of Khorasan. Unlike the Hazara who are also Persian-speaking and Shia, the Farsiwan do not show any, or very limited traces of Turkic and Mongol ancestry as they are, like the Pashtuns, of Mediterranean substock. Although the Kizilbash of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan are also Persian-speaking Shias, they are usually regarded as a separate group from the Farsiwan.

    Some confusion arises because an alternative name used locally for the Fārsīwān (as well as for the Tājiks in general) is Dehgān, meaning "village settlers", in the sense of "urban". The term is used in contrast to "nomadic".

    Geographic distribution

    There are approximately 8,5 million Farsiwans in Afghanistan, mainly in the provinces of Herat, Farah Ghor, mazaar-e-sharif They are also the main inhabitants of the city of Herāt. Smaller populations can be found in Kabul, Kandahar and Ghazni. Due to the large number of refugees from Afghanistan, significant Farsiwan communities nowadays also exist in Iran (mostly in Mashhad and Tehran) and in Pakistan (mostly in Quetta, Peshawar, and Karachi), as well as Europe (especially Hamburg, Germany) and North America.

    Tags:Afghanistan, Dehgan, Europe, Germany, Hamburg, Herat, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Kabul, Kandahar, Karachi, Khorasan, Kizilbash, Mashhad, Mediterranean, Mongol, North America, Pakistan, Persian, Peshawar, Shia, Shia Islam, Sunni, Tajikistan, Tehran, Wikipedia

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