• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Hirah *

    Al-Hirah

    حیره


    Sassanid_Hirah_Castle_Behzad.jpg
    Hirah was an ancient city located 6 km south of Kufa in south-central Iraq.Al Hirah was a significant city in pre-Islamic Arab history. Originally a military encampment under Sassanid Empire, in the 5th and 6th centuries CE it became the capital of the Lakhmids.The Arabs were migrating into the Near East from the 9th century BCE. In the 3rd century CE parts of southern Mesopotamia had a substantial Arab population. Under the Sassanid Empire, southern Mesopotamia was sometimes called Arabistan. The first historical Arab kingdom outside Arabia, Hirah (4th-7th centuries), in southern Iraq, was a vassal of the Sassanids, whom it helped in containing the nomadic Arabs to the south. The Lakhmid rulers of Hirah were recognized by Shapour 2nd (337-358)Hirah was either Christian or strongly influenced by Christianity, and was a diocese of the Syriac Church of the East between the 5th and 11th centuries. The Sassanid Emperor Bahram V (Aka Bahram-e Goor) won the throne with support of Monzir I, Lakhmid Prince of Hirah, in 420.In 531, the Sassanid Persians defeated the Byzantine general Belisarius at the Battle of Callinicum, south of Edessa (southeastern Turkey), with the help of Hirah. In 602, Khosrau 2nd deposed Numan 3d of Hirah and annexed his kingdom. Islam overran the Sassanid Empire in the 7th century.From ca. 527, Hirah was opposed by the Ghassanids, a Byzantine-sponsored Arab tribe resident in Syria and Palestine. The two Arab powers engaged in a long conflict of their own, which also functioned as a proxy war for their respective imperial suzerains. Following the Siege of Hirah, the city was captured by the Caliph army under the command of Khalid Ibn Walid in May 633. (Wikipedia) - Al-Hirah   (Redirected from Hirah) Al-Hira Country
    Al-HiraLocation in modern day Iraq
    Coordinates: 31°53′N 44°27′E / 31.883°N 44.450°E / 31.883; 44.450Coordinates: 31°53′N 44°27′E / 31.883°N 44.450°E / 31.883; 44.450
    Iraq
    A Persian manuscript from the 15th century describing the constructing of Al-Khornaq castle in Al-Hira, the Lakhmids capital city, miniature painting by Behzad

    Al Hīra (Arabic: الحيرة) was an ancient city located south of al-Kufah in south-central Iraq.

    Contents

    History Middle Ages

    Al Hīra was a significant city in pre-Islamic Arab history. Originally a military encampment, in the 5th and 6th centuries CE it became the capital of the Lakhmids.

    The Arabs were migrating into the Near East from the 9th century BCE. In the 3rd century CE parts of southern Mesopotamia had a substantial Arab population. Under the Sassanid Empire, southern Mesopotamia was sometimes called Arabaya. The first historical Arab kingdom outside Arabia, Hīra (4th-7th centuries), in southern Iraq, was a vassal of the Sassanids, whom it helped in containing the nomadic Arabs to the south. The Lakhmid rulers of Hīra were recognized by Shapur II (337-358).

    Hīra was either Christian or strongly influenced by Christianity, and was a diocese of the Syriac Church of the East between the 5th and 11th centuries. The Sassanid Emperor Bahram V won the throne with support of Mundhir I, Lakhmid Prince of Hīra, in 420.

    In 531, the Sassanid Persians defeated the Byzantine general Belisarius at the Battle of Callinicum, south of Edessa (southeastern Turkey), with the help of Hīra. In 602, Khosrau II deposed Nu''man III of Hīra and annexed his kingdom. Islam overran the Sassanid Empire in the 7th century.

    From ca. 527, Hīra was opposed by the Ghassanids, a Byzantine-sponsored Arab tribe resident in Syria and Palestine. The two Arab powers engaged in a long conflict of their own, which also functioned as a proxy war for their respective imperial suzerains.

    Spread of Islam

    Following the Siege of Hira, the city was captured by Muslim army of Rashidun Caliphate under the command of Khalid ibn Walid in May 633.Adi ibn Hatim, the deposed King of Tai (south of al Hira) visited Muhammad, The Prophet of Islam and was told by Muhammad that,

    “I swear by the One who has my soul in His Hand, Allah will complete this affair, until a woman travels from al-Hira to make Tawaf around the Ka’bah in Makkah, without fearing anyone. You will seize the treasures of Kisra bin Hurmuz. If you live long, you would see a man offering a handful of gold or silver to others but none will accept it.”

    The meaning of this entailed that Islam would one day become so strong that a woman would be able to travel from al-Hira to Makkah without a male guardian and without any need for protection. She would pass by hundreds of tribes and no one would dare to harm her or take her wealth. This is because the Muslims will become so strong that no one would dare to trouble a Muslim from fear of other Muslims rushing to his or her help. Adi then accepted to be Muslim.

    Adi Bin Hatim later said,

    “I have seen a woman riding a camel travelling from Al-Hira till it made Tawaf around Ka‘bah fearing none but Allâh, I have also been one of those who opened the treasures of Kisra bin Hurmuz. I swear by the One who has my soul in His Hand, the third prophecy will also be fulfilled, since Allah’s Messenger has said so!” (Collection from Hadith in Books of Muslim and Ahmad)

    Tags:Allah, Arab, Arabia, Arabic, Arabistan, Bahram V, Byzantine, Caliphate, Callinicum, Christian, Christianity, Edessa, Goor, Hirah, Ibn, Iraq, Islam, Islamic, Khosrau, Kufa, Lakhmid, Mesopotamia, Middle Ages, Monzir, Muslim, Near East, Palestine, Persian, Rashidun, Sassanid, Shapour, Syria, Turkey, Walid, Wikipedia


    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Hirah

    Your Name / Alias:
    E-mail:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Hirah





    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian