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    Mazaeus was a Persian noble and Satrap (governor) of Babylon. Mazaeus’ first known office is that of satrap of Cilicia, where he may have been appointed as early as 361; coins prove that later, the region known as Abar-Nahr (Above the river) as modern Syria, Lebanon and Palestine were added to Mazaeus' territories. As satrap, he fought against the Phoenicians of Sidon, who had revolted and were supported by the pharaoh of Egypt, Nectanebo 2. and 4,000 mercenaries commanded by the Greek commander Mentor of Rhodes. During the reign of Dariush 3., he became the Satrap of Babylon an area known to the Greek as Mesopotamia. He was promised in marriage to king Dariush' daughter Barsine (aka Statira) who later married Alexander. Evidences suggest that Mazaeus betrayed Dariush 3. and defected to Macedonian Alexander as early as the battle of Gaugamela on Oct,1 331. Mazaeus died in 328 and his sons: Ardu-Bel and Vidarna were mercenaries in Gojastak Alexander's army. It is also thought that the Alexander Sarcophagus was actually dedicated to Mazaeus. (Wikipedia) - Mazaeus
    This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2008)
    Coin of Mazaeus.

    Mazaeus (died 328 BC) was a Persian noble and governor of Babylon.

    He was the second to last satrap (governor) of Cilicia. Shortly afterwards, his successor was expelled by Alexander the Great.

    At the Battle of Gaugamela Mazaeus commanded the right flank with the Syrian, Median, Mesopotamian, Parthian, Sacian, Tapurian, Hyrcanian, Sacesinian, Cappadocian, and Armenian cavalry.

    Stateira II was originally bethrothed to him, but he died too early. She was eventually married to Alexander.

    It is thought that the Alexander Sarcophagus was actually dedicated to him.

    Name Mazaeus
    Alternative names
    Short description Achaemenid satrap
    Date of birth
    Place of birth
    Date of death
    Place of death

    Tags:Achaemenid, Alexander the Great, Armenian, Babylon, Barsine, Cilicia, Dariush, Dariush 3, Egypt, Gaugamela, Gojastak, Greek, Lebanon, Macedonian Alexander, Mazaeus, Maziar, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Parthian, Persian, Rhodes, Satrap, Statira, Syria, Syrian, Wikipedia

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