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    Stateira

    استاتیرا


    Achaemenid_Dariush_Family_Alexander.jpg
    Statira may be the Origin of the word star.Stateira or Statira may refer to:Names Stateira or Statira: wife of Artaxerxes 2nd Stateira I or Statira 1st: wife of Dariush 3rd of Persia Stateira II or Statira 2nd: aka Barsineh daughter of Statira 1st and Dariush 3rd of PersiaStatira/Statira was the daughter of the Persian nobleman Hydarnes. She married Artaxerxes 2nd, the oldest son of Dariush 2nd of Persia and his wife Parysatis. Probably Dariush 2nd wanted to establish good relations with an important noble family, from which Statira was descended, because her brother Terituchmes married Amestris, a daughter of Dariush 2. But Terituchmes loved one of his half-sisters more than his royal bride and tried to start a rebellion. Therefore Parysatis had all the children of Hydarnes killed and only spared the life of Statira at the request of her husband.Artaxerxes 2. took over the Persian throne in 404 BC after the death of his father. Statira seems to have been his only legal wife despite his numerous concubines. She bore a son, Artaxerxes, the heir to the throne, and probably other children. The queen mother Parysatis and Statira tried to be the key political influence on the king; so the both women became bitter rivals.Statira was very popular with the people, allegedly because she left the curtains open when she drove in her carriage and because she talked to the ordinary people. She supported her husband in his quarrel with his brother Cyrus the Younger and criticized her sharp-tongued mother-in-law, because Parysatis had helped her favourite son Cyrus in his attempt to win the Persian throne from his brother Artaxerxes 2. Reportedly the intense hatred between the two women led Parysatis to encourage Artaxerxes 2. to take on concubines in order to hurt his wife. Statira also publicly spoke up against the cruelties of the queen mother at the Persian court. For example she criticized the brutal treatment of the eunuch Masabates and therefore intensified her conflict with Parysatis.Finally Parysatis had Statira murdered. Classical sources give different reasons for this deed. According to one version Parysatis wanted to save the life of the Spartan commander Clearchus and his fellow-generals, who had been taken prisoner by Tissaphernes, but Statira had succeeded in persuading her husband to execute the prisoners. Therefore Parysatis is supposed to have poisoned Statira. Plutarch, in his biography of Artaxerxes 2., did not believe this story. According to another tradition Parysatis murdered her daughter-in-law because she realized that her son only felt true love for his wife. Plutarch reports that Parysatis performed the assassination with the help of a loyal servant named Gigis. She carved a bird with a poisoned knife in such a way that only one half of the animal was mixed with the poison. This half was served to Statira when they were dining together. The poisoned meal caused a painful death of Statira (Wikipedia) - Stateira   (Redirected from Statira)

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    Tags:Amestris, Artaxerxes, Artaxerxes 2, Artaxerxes II, Barsineh, Classical, Cyrus, Cyrus the Younger, Darius III, Dariush, Dariush 2, Hydarnes, Parysatis, Persia, Persian, Statira, Tissaphernes, Wikipedia


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