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    * Tirdad 3 *

    Tiridates III

    تیرداد سوم

    - Tirdad 3. of Parthia ruled c. 35-36 ADTirdad 3. was the grandson of Farhad 4.. He was sent to Rome as a hostage and was educated there.In about 36, when the Parthian nobility rebelled against Artabanus 2., they applied to the Roman emperor Tiberius for a king of the race of Farhad. Tiberius sent Tirdad to the east, and ordered Lucius Vitellius (the father of the emperor Vitellius) to restore the Roman authority there. By very dexterous military and diplomatic operations Vitellius succeeded completely. Artabanus was deserted by his followers and fled.However, Tirdad, who was proclaimed king, could not maintain himself, because he appeared to be a vassal of the Romans. Artabanus soon returned from Hyrcania with a strong army of Scythian (Dahan) auxiliaries, and was again acknowledged by the Parthians. Tirda left Seleucia on the Tigris and fled to Syria.The Roman historian Tacitus writes that the Parthian court official Abdagaeses, who exerted political control over Tiridates, spared Tiridates from danger by preventing him from visiting the Parthian tribes. This policy kept the distrustful clans from uniting against Tiridates in the meantime. However, when situations became untenable, it was Abdagaeses who advised Tiridates to retreat west to Mesopotamia where strategic defensive locations were suitable. This move was viewed as an act of cowardice by the Parthian tribes, which led to Tiridates' ousting from his seat of power.

    Tags:Artabanus, Farhad, Farhad 4, Hyrcania, Mesopotamia, Parthia, Parthian, Roman, Rome, Seleucia, Syria, Tacitus, Tiberius, Tigris, Tirdad, Tirdad 3, Tiridates

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