By: Mir M.Hosseini
The Context of Harry S.Truman's speech in Congress on March, 12, 1947 which was later named as the Truman Doctrine, was based on strategic position of Turkey and Greece and Middle East Petroleum as the fundamentals of the U.S. policy which also viewed imposing Totalitarian regimes on nations by direct and indirect invasions as a threat to American security. That gave the U.S. responsibility to help free nations financially and economically to resist against armed minorities and foreign powers.
Iran, as a major producer of petroleum fell quickly into this category. The U.S. Secretary of State's formation of a special office for Turkey, Greece and Iran affairs underlined the importance of implementing the Truman Doctrine which actually gave the Americans the pretext to intervene in Iran's affairs in the form of a military aid package signed on June, 20, 1947. A $25,000,000 budget was allocated to equip the Iranian Army and Gendarmerie with weapons. These aid packages created the basis for Americans to enter countries as wolves disguised as lambs.
On the other hand, U.S. military expenses which instigated a tremendous economic growth during the WWII, became a key factor in determining U.S. economic and international policies to the extent that wars in foreign land were often seen as a merit by American industries to create jobs without acknowledging the misery it brought to countries such as Cuba, Korea, and Vietnam.
In Iran, American image as a liberator was completely shattered after participation in a coup against a democratic government in 1953.