By: Mir M.Hosseini
The 9th presidential elections took place on 12 June 2009 with a high participation. The official results which declared Mahmoud Ahmadinejad the winner, were rejected by all three opposition candidates, who claimed that the votes were manipulated and the election was rigged.
During the days that followed, world media was watching Iran with dazzled eyes when anti-government protestors took it to the streets.
Protests against alleged electoral fraud and in support of opposition candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi occurred in Tehran and other major cities in Iran and around the world. The protests were given several titles by their proponents including Green Wave reflecting presidential candidate Mousavi's campaign color The events triggered a cyber war because of the protesters' reliance on social-networking Internet sites to communicate with each other.
-On June, 19, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said the election was legitimate during Friday prayers adding that protests would no longer be tolerated.
-On June, 29, the Guardian Council certified the results of the election.
-On August, 5 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was sworn in for his second term as President of Iran in an official inauguration in Tehran.
Although protests continued, the government took some measures to take the situation under control. In the following days, Iran turned to a police state while some other measures were taken to lower public dissatisfaction.
-On February, 11, a very well organized demonstration marking the anniversary of the Islamic Revolution actually showed that Iranians were united against the foreign threats at a time when Iran's enemies were abusing the situation to proceed their own agenda.
American and British support of the opposition alongside financial and logistic support for terrorist groups trying to turn protests violent, raised awareness among Iranians and proved that the west is far from understanding an ancient society with millenniums of experience.
On the other hand, hardliners inside a regime which was at the verge of collapse came vis-à-vis the fact that they had to move in the direction that people choose not the one to satisfy a minority with seigniorial attitudes.