By: Mir M.Hosseini
Nojeh is the name of a garrison near the city of Hamedan in which a coup against the regime had been planned. The American secret service, CIA had made all necessary preparations for the coup and had installed the commanding headquarters in Paris under supervision from Shapour Bakhtiar while having the confirmation from one of the top clerics of the time, Ayatollah Shariatmadari. Millions of dollars had been spent and part of the declaration previously prepared to be read at the radio on July, 12 was as follows: "Dear fellows. Time has come. Iran's patriotic army has toppled the rotten Mullah regime. All units of the armed forces, gendarmerie, and the police have declared their unity and any resistance will be suppressed toughly..."
According to the plan, key places including Ayatollah Khomeini's residence would be bombed while commando teams were to seize the TV station and army headquarters. But an army pilot and an officer warned the authorities regarding the plan two days before the operation. Briefly an elite team from the Revolutionary Guards and army commandos is formed to neutralize the operation. They take the Nojeh garrison under siege and arrest the coup elements. All army personnel involved in the coup were put on trial and executed. 27 years before, a similar CIA backed coup which was much less sophisticated toppled the democratic regime of Dr. Mosaddegh on August, 19, 1953.