By: Mir M.Hosseini
Morteza Gholi Bayat was an Iranian political figure who was very active during the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. He continuously became parliament representative from Arak from 4th to 13th term of Majlis and was mostly the deputy of the Majlis speaker. He was a minister both in Soheili and Saed cabinet. Prime Minister Saed was forced to resign after rejecting Soviet pressures to obtain oil concessions in north Iran. The Soviet backed Toodeh party gained much political power in that era when Iran was under occupation of Allied Powers.
Bayat became Prime Minister in November, 1944 with 50 votes in his favor. He presented his cabinet for approval on Nov, 25, 1944.
During his short term administration (5 months and 20 days);
- Tehran declared war on Japan.
- French leader Chares De Gaulle visited Iran.
- Dr. Millspaugh was relieved from the Treasury.
In order to obtain full Majlis backing to continue his work, on Apr, 17, 1945, he requested the parliament to renew his vote of confidence which Majlis denied and he presented his resignation on May, 2, 1945,
Ebrahim Hakimi was the next Prime Minister.