By: Mir M.Hosseini
Treaty of Sarab was a treaty between Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia after the war of 1615 - 1618 signed on the Sep, 26, 1618.
By the treaty of Isfahan in 1613, the Ottoman Empire had agreed to turn back Caucasus and Northwest Iran to Safavid Persia. Iranians on the other hand refused to pay an annual tribute of 200, a pretext for Ottomns to start a war in 1615.
The Ottoman commander in chief Grand Vezir Okuz Kara Mehmet Pasha tried to capture Erivan which was recently abandoned by the treaty of Isfahan. But he had to lift the siege after 44 days. When the next commander in chief Damat Halil Pasha attacked Ardebil, Shah Abbas offered peace.
The terms of the treaty was similar to those of treaty of Isfahan with several minor rectifications on border line. Also, the annual tribute of Persian side was reduced from 200 loads to 100 loads.
This treaty proved that a stalemate between the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia had been reached and neither side might gain substantial territories in the long run. In the following decades there were times when Ottomans succeeded to storm Tabriz and there were times when Persians succeeded to capture Baghdad. But these victories were all temporary and the balance of power between the two states continued up to the 20th century.