By: Mir M.Hosseini
The Red Army of USSR was stuck at the Jolfa Bridge on the Aras River. In the midst of the World War II, during the invasion of Iran by Allied Powers, while any resistance would be crushed brutally, three Iranian border guards did not yield to the Soviet invaders and did not permit them to cross the 110m long bridge that connects Nakhjevan to Jolfa.
The Iranian guards were aware that the invading army could not use artillery because they needed the strategic bridge for transfer of supplies and troops. Without a doubt, every piece of the Iranian soil has been irrigated by bloods of martyrs defending their nation against invaders throughout the history but these three brave soldiers are remembered alongside many unknown patriots who lost their lives:
Seyyed Mohammad Rayi Hashemi, Abdollah Shahriari, and Malek Mohammadi fought the Soviet soldiers till the last drop of their blood. They successfully stopped the occupation forces for two days until they ran out of munitions and were killed.
Though Iran was officially neutral, the invasion from August 25 to September 17, 1941 by Allied Powers was an undeclared surprise attack, described by Allied forces as rapid and conducted with ease.
the Soviets invaded from the north, mostly from Transcaucasia, with their 44th, 47th and 53rd Armies of the Transcaucasian Front, occupying Iran's northern provinces. Air force and naval units also participated in the battle. In response to the invasion, the Iranian Army mobilized nine infantry divisions. Reza Shah appealed to US President Franklin Roosevelt under the Atlantic Charter, However, this plea failed to prompt a response from the US President to prevent the invasion of Iran.
Without any military allies able to come to its assistance, Iranian resistance was rapidly overwhelmed and neutralized by Soviet and British tanks and infantry. Iran was defeated, the oilfields taken and the valuable Trans-Iranian Railway was in Allied hands.
In 2009, the Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said that his country suffered during the invasions during World War II, and that he would stand to the end to get full compensation. This underlines the fact that the Iranian suffering was real and documented but not well publicized as the Holocaust.