By: Mir M.Hosseini
In February 2003, after revealing its uranium enrichment program, Iran claimed it was using the technology for peaceful purposes and invited the IAEA to visit. Driven by the corporate media campaign and AIPAC lobby, US alleged that the program is part of a drive to develop nuclear weapons and sought to refer the Iranian case to the Security Council. In November 2004, Tehran signed a temporary agreement with Germany, France and Britain to cease uranium enrichment and the IAEA issued Iran a clean bill of health, thus avoiding Security Council intervention. Nevertheless, the IAEA did not confirm that Iran is not pursuing undeclared nuclear activities and referred the case to the UN Security Council.
U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to impose sanctions on Iran's trade in sensitive nuclear materials and technology, an effort to pressure Tehran to halt uranium enrichment work despite the fact that Iranians insisted on the peaceful nature of their nuclear program backed by IAEA reports that found no proof of deviation towards production of nuclear weapons.
The resolution #1737 approved on December 23, 2006 imposed sanctions against Iran, calling for steps required by the IAEA, bans trade with Iran of all items, materials, equipment, goods and technology which could be used in Tehran’s uranium enrichment program and contained a list of persons and entities, whose assets are subject to be frozen. A new sanctions committee is to monitor compliance of the resolution.