By: Mir M.Hosseini
Alexander Griboyedov, Russia's Minister Plenipotentiary to Tehran was killed during a raid on the Russian embassy at the age of 34. Aftermath the Russian war and humiliating Treaty of Turkmenchai, the anti-Russian sentiment in Iran was high. A eunuch and two girls from the royal harem of Fathali Shah and his son in law had escaped and found refugee in the Russian embassy. According to the treaty, citizens of Kafkas could enjoy a safe passage to their homeland by seeking asylum with Russians. During the Qajar dynasty, the king's most important role was to play around in harems. The Shah demanded for the return of refugees but Russians did not comply. Soon, demonstrations in the city began and the embassy was encircled. People stormed the embassy and in less than an hour killed Griboyedov, the eunuch and the rest. He was decapitated and his head was thrown in the garbage and left there for three days. Suddenly Fathali shah who was afraid of a third Russian war sent a high ranking delegate including Amirkabir to Saint Petersburg for apology. Tsar was satisfied with the gifts and on Aug, 24 in a solemn audience Tsar expressed his willingness to forgive. These were times when Iran had practically lost its sovereignty to Russians and the Qajar rulers followed a policy of deception and misusing religion against progress and modernization.