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Louis XIV Offers French Iranian Treaty

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January, 24, 1704 A.D.:
Louis XIV Offers French Iranian Treaty

By: Mir M.Hosseini


A special envoy from French king Louis XIV enters Isfahan on Jan, 24, 1704, conveying a message to Sultan Hossein Safavi that offered a mutual treaty between the two countries. The treaty was signed by Sultan Hossein. It offered French protection for Iranian citizens and their interests in Europe and gave priority to Iranian goods in French transport vessels.
Safavid king Shah Hossein dispatched an embassy leaded by Mohammad Reza Bey to France in order to improve trade ties. The mission's arrival in Pairs on Feb, 7, 1715 was such a spectacle for the French. King of France, Louis XIV received the Persian embassy in Versailles on Feb, 19 and after long negotiations, a treaty was signed on Aug, 13, 1715.
Shah Sultan Hossein who was the last king in the Safavi dynasty is known as a very incompetent person who turned great Safavi dynasty into a corrupt and rotten system.
Sultan Hossein tried to forcibly convert his Afghan subjects in Ghandahar from Sunni to the Shia sect of Islam. In response, a Ghilzai Afghan chieftain named Mir Weis Khan Hotaki revolted and killed Gurgin Khan, the Safavid governor. In 1722, an Afghan army led by Mahmoud Ghandahari advanced into the heart of the Safavid Empire and captured the capital of Isfahan.



KEY TERMS:Bey , France , French , Ghandahar , Ghilzai , Gurgin , Hotaki , Iran , Iranian , Isfahan , Islam , Khan , Louis XIV , Mir , Mir Weis Khan , Mohammad Reza Bey , Persia , Persian , Safavi , Safavid , Shah , Shia , Sultan , Sultan Hossein , Sunni , Versailles

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