By: Mir M.Hosseini
Monarchy was abolished in Iran by a referendum on April, 4, 1979.
According to results of the first presidential election, Abolhasan Banisadr was elected to a four-year term as President on January, 25 1980
Of 124 nominees for the presidential race, only 18 were disqualified. In the first presidential election held in the Iranian history, from 20,993,643 eligible to vote 14,085,243 Iranians cast their vote marking a significant %67.4 participation rate Banisadr could get a landslide victory by %76 of votes while his closest competitor Mr. Ahmad Madani stayed at %15.8. He then became the chief commander of armed forces. He appointed Mr. Rajayi as prime minister on Aug, 29, 1980.
But his political success did not last long after siding with the paramilitary group MKO that later started an armed uprising against the Islamic Republic.
On June, 10, 1981 the leader, Ayatollah Khomeini dismissed banisadr from his position as the Chief Commander of Armed Forces and eleven days later, on June 21, the parliament voted for his incompetence and he was off duty as president.
Banisadr went into hiding two days after his removal, and hid in remote areas of western Iran. On 28 July 1981, Banisadr and Rajavi were smuggled aboard an Iranian Air Force Boeing 707 piloted by Colonel Behzad Moezzi. It followed a routine flight plan before deviating out of Iran and eventually landing in Paris. He then fled to France and gave up political activities for some time.
Born on March, 22 1933 in Tehran, Banisadr went to France in 1963 and made his career as an economist. There he met with Ayatollah Khomeini and returned to Iran in 1979. As of August 2011, Banisadr lives in Versailles, near Paris, under French leash.