By: Mir M.Hosseini
On Sep, 22, 1980 Iraq attacked Iran at a time when Iran was least prepared for a war. The Iraqi army supported by western and Arab countries advanced into Iran capturing Khorramshahr and Susangerd and stopped near Ahvaz. Abadan became under siege and was about to collapse when it was suddenly freed through courageous and daring operations by Iranians.
After that, Iran inflicted one defeat after another on the Iraqi army and Khorramshahr was freed after two years, on May, 24, 1982. But the devastating war lasted for 8 years with more than 1,000,000 casualties on each side according to some sources.
About 19,000 Iraqi soldiers were taken prisoner after liberation of Khorramshahr which was occupied for 578 days. During the Beytolmoghaddas Operation 6,000 Iranian soldiers were killed and 24,000 were injured.