By: Mir M.Hosseini
In July, 1951, Mosaddegh sent a committee of five (including four National Front deputies) created by Majlis to Khuzestan to take over the oil installations and implement the nationalization law.
Iranians struggled hard to put an end to the infamous D'Arcy agreement that gave the British exclusive rights on Iranian oil industry. On the other hand, the enemy had a network of spies that was able to bribe some Iranian authorities. On July, 17, 1949, an Iranian minister signed a deal with the British that improvised 6 shillings instead of 4 shilling per barrel as Iran's share of the sales of oil. In return, the Iranian government was to ratify the 1933 agreement. Prime Minister Saed took the agreement to the parliament. Despite all expectations the parliament did not approve the deal and instead paved the way for nationalization of oil that was signed into law on Apr, 28 1951.
On June, 20, 1951 the colonial Britain's nightmare which was "the Iranian flag flying on top of the Abadan refinery" happened while Britain was shuttling the doors of international courts and pursuing an active policy of combined threats and tricks to which Iranians responded strongly.
In July, 1951, Mosaddegh broke off negotiations with AIOC when the latter threatened "to pull out its employees," and warned "tanker owners that the receipts from the Iranian government would not be accepted on the world market."