By: Mir M.Hosseini
Iranians have been celebrating Norooz for more than 3000 years, making Norooz the oldest national ceremony in the world. On this occasion Dariush 2 issues gold coins that shows a soldier with a bow and arrow. Mintage or making coins from gold and silver had been started 100 years before that at the time of Dariush I. The first coins were called Daric made of pure gold. Satraps and local governors were then banned from issuing gold coins and they were only allowed silver coins.
After Lydia was conquered in 564 B.C., a coinage workshop was created in Sardes where coins where made during the reign of Cyrus, Cambyses and Xerxes.
After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, gold coins were replaced by silver coins during Seleucids and Parthians. Copper and bronze were widely used during Sassanid era. Shah Abbas of Safavid dynasty introduced Abbasi as the national money. Five Abbasi was called one Toman equal to 10,000 Dinars. Shahi became the new currency during Qajar dynasty. Fathali Shah introduced a new silver coin called Gheran which had a value equal to 1/10 of Toman (gold) , 5 Abbasi and 20 Shahi (copper).
Pahlavi was the next generation of gold coins in 1931with a value of 100 Rials. In 1979, Bahar Azadi became the new gold coin for Iran.