By: Mir M.Hosseini
Iran hosted representatives from 18 industrial countries who gathered in Ramsar to prepare the first comprehensive treaty regarding wetlands. The convention on wetlands, signed in Ramsar, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Currently, there are 158 parties to the convention, with over 1758 wetland sites, totaling 161 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance. The original idea to form such a conventional came up in 1962 and it took 8 years to actualize it mainly due to efforts by Mr. Eskandar Firooz, the head of environment organization of Iran. Representatives from international organizations such as UNESCO, FAO, WWF, IUCN, etc were also present to exchange thoughts and ideas. 22 wetlands from Iran are registered in the list, 7 of which are endangered. Some experts believe that %80 of wetlands in Iran should be considered endangered.