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Lotfali Khan Becomes Last Zand King

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May, 10, 1789 A.D.:
Lotfali Khan Becomes Last Zand King

By: Mir M.Hosseini

Lotfali Khan, Jafar Khan's son ascends the throne on May, 10, 1789 after defeating Seyyed Morad Khan. Thus he became the last king of the Zand dynasty. The young Lotfali Khan was not capable of fighting against Agha Mohammad Khan's army. After he was betrayed in Shiraz, he took refuge in Bushehr. He resisted desperately in a losing battle against the Qajar army until he captured Kerman in 1794. Kerman resisted for six months under the siege. Finally, he escaped to Bam in order to minimize civilian casualties. But when Kerman fell to the Qajar army, Agha Mohammad Khan ordered 20,000 eyeballs removed and sold Kerman's women and children into slavery.
Lotfali Khan was betrayed again and was finally captured in Bam. He was sent to Tehran where he was tortured and strangled to death. Agha Mohammad Khan thus took his revenge from the Zand dynasty and started the notorious Qajar dynasty.

KEY TERMS:Agha Mohammad Khan , Bam , Bush , Bushehr , Kerman , Khan , Lotfali , Lotfali Khan , Morad , Qajar , Seyyed , Shiraz , Tehran , Zand

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