By: Mir M.Hosseini
On Nov, 8, 1944, the Soviet Ambassador submitted an ultimatum asking the Iranian government asking for handing over the killer(s) of a Soviet officer during demonstrations three days earlier. Following Iran's rejection of an unfair treaty which the Soviet Union wanted to impose during the war, the Soviet backed Toodeh party had staged several riots around the country that led to deaths and injuries. Prime minister Saed who now had the backing of a great alliance of nationalists including Mohammad Reza Shah, stood firmly against the Bolshevik arrogance that followed years of imperialistic tsarist Russia. In Tehran, the Toodeh party headquarters had been seized by Iranians and some of their high ranking leaders were arrested before a planned meeting on Nov,7. However, the Soviet ultimatum was quite serious and threatened that the Red Army would take matters in its own hands.
Saed submitted his resignation on Nov, 9 to prevent further tensions and he was thus squeezed out of office.
Mosaddegh was the favorite candidate Prime Minister but his precondition to be able to return to Majlis in case he was forced to resign was found impossible and thus the next choice Mr. Morteza Gholi Bayat was appointed Premier after two weeks of impasse. Bayat presented his cabinet of ministers to Shah on Nov, 25. The following day, while introducing his new cabinet to the parliament, he announced following Saed's policies regarding the petroleum issues. Meanwhile the Russian delegate headed by Kavtradze who had been in Iran since Sep, 15, 1944 was lobbying to change the instance of the Iranian government towards the Soviets regarding the North Oil deal.
This rang a bell for the parliament. On Dec, 12, Iranian authorities were banned from direct negotiations with foreign government or company regarding oil concessions. The draft became a law by the majority of representatives; according to which:
-All Iranian officials including the Prime Minister and his deputies and representatives were banned from negotiating oil issues with any states or companies or signing any documents related to this matter.
-The PM and his ministers were able to run negotiations relate to the sales of oil supplied by Iran giving necessary information to the parliament .
-A jail term of 3-8 years, and life-time deprivation of public duty was foreseen for violators of this law.
-The judiciary was given the authority to act in this regards without having to get any approval from the government.
The draft presented by Dr. Mosaddegh was termed "Negative Equilibrium" for it was aimed to prevent giving any concessions to either Soviets or British which were occupying the country at the time. The following day, Rahimian the Ghoochan representative presented another draft to cancel the D'Arcy agreement but no one other than the Toodeh Party representatives agreed to sign the draft which was only aimed to create more tensions.