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Alexander Dies In Babylon

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June, 11, 323 B.C.:
Alexander Dies In Babylon

By: Mir M.Hosseini

Alexander the Great who put an end to the Persian Achaemenid Empire died in Babylon. There's a rumor that Roxana, the daughter of Persian Satrapy he married gave him a disease. His general Perdiccas became the regent of all of Alexander's empire, while Alexander's physically and mentally disabled half-brother Arrhidaeus was chosen as the next king under the name Philip 3 of Macedon. Alexander's unborn child from Roxana was also named his father's successor.
War began when Perdiccas sent Alexander's corpse to Macedonia to be buried. Ptolemy, however, captured the body and took it to Alexandria. Perdiccas and his troops followed him to Egypt. After the assassination of Perdiccas, the most powerful man in the empire was Antipatros. In a gathering in Triparadisus, the empire of Alexander was partitioned again in 321 B.C.
Alexander's empire was then divided into three parts. Macedonia, Egypt, and Asia ruled by Seleucus. Seleucus took Babylon from Docimus in 320 B.C. Babylon had a sizable population of Macedonian and Greek veterans of Alexander's army. Seleucus managed to win over the priests and created the Seleucid Empire which became continuation of the Persian Empire.

KEY TERMS:Achaemenid , Achaemenid Empire , Alexander the Great , Alexandria , Antipatros , Arrhidaeus , Asia , Bab , Babylon , Docimus , Egypt , Greek , Macedon , Macedonia , Perdiccas , Persia , Persian , Ptolemy , Roxana , Satrap , Satrapy , Seleucid , Triparadisus

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