By: Mir M.Hosseini
Nine years after its formation, the Islamic Republic Party of Iran was dissolved. Founded by clerics close to Khomeini, including Bahonar, Khamenei, Rafsanjani and Beheshti, the party soon succeeded in turning Iran to a single party system in a very short time. with it's daily published Islamic Republic Newspaper, hardline policymakers established a system that advocated nationalization of large private entities which gradually turned into inefficient family farms.
On June, 28, 1981, a huge explosion in the Islamic Republic Party headquarters killed many highranking party members, including the party leader and mastermind Mohammad Beheshti. After that incident Mohammad Javad Bahonar took this position, who was also killed by another bomb while serving as prime minister. The next party leader was Ali Khamenei, the current Supreme Leader of Iran.
The party became scene of disputes and conflicts. Following intensified fractionism on major issues such as the Iran–Iraq War, opening up dialog with western countries, and disputes over economic policies, because all rival parties were banned, there seemed to have been no alternative but to dissolve the party.
The party newspaper somehow continued publishing.