By: Mir M.Hosseini
Ettelaat Newspaper reported that Britain and Soviets had reached a consensus over Iran's North Oil. Under occupation, Iranian Prime Minister Ghavamossaltaneh was somehow forced to sign an agreement in Moscow on April, 4, 1946, granting North Oil concessions to USSR. The deal needed to be ratified by the parliament. Fortunately indeed, parliament elections were delayed until July, 1947 and the 15th Majlis convened on July, 17.
Ivan Sadchikov arrived in Tehran on Aug, 12 and immediately started lobbying for ratification of the deal. Ghavamossaltaneh submitted his resignation to the parliament on Aug, 28. According to the constitution, the new cabinet of ministers must be appointed by Shah and approved by Majlis. Sadchikov met Ghavamossaltaneh at his home the following day and gave him a note expressing Soviet discontent for the delay. The British joined the group pressuring for ratification of the agreement. It was the first time that UK policy was separated from US regarding Iran. The policy of United States was to eliminate Soviet influence as much as possible.
On September, 10, Ettelaat published details of secret meetings between the UK and USSR who aimed to revive their infamous 1907 entente which divided Iran between two spheres of influence. This reverted public opinion poisoned by Pravda, the Bolshevik propaganda media and its Iranian extension the Mardom Newspaper which was the official organ of the Toodeh Party. The articles continued to reveal related facts and findings until Sept, 14, when Ghavamossaltaneh denied any such meetings with the British ambassador, Sir John Le Rougetel. Following reports in western media however indicated such communication in British foreign ministry which made the matters further complicated.
After the Soviet ambassador gave his second note, asking Iran not to use a delay tactic, in a speech, the American ambassador to Tehran, George Allen underlined US strategy that was against any such pressure and threats against Iran. Ghavamossaltaneh, shrugged his shoulders in an interview on Nov, 9, saying that it was only within the Majlis authority whether to ratify the deal or not. He presented the draft to Majlis on Nov, 22. As expected, the parliament rejected the bill and asked the government to restrain from giving any such concessions to foreign states. The issue was closed but Iranian governments never dared fully use North Oil potentials.