• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Artaxerxes 2 *

    Artaxerxes II

    اردشیر دوم


    Perspolis_Artaxerxes_2_Tomb_Flowers.jpg
    Artaxerxes 2 Mnemon was king of Persia from 404 BC until his death. He was a son of Dariush 2 of Persia and Parysatis.He defended his position against his brother Cyrus the Younger at the Battle of Cunaxa in 401 BC. He also quashed a revolt of the provincial governors, the satraps (366 – 358 BC). He also became involved in a war with Persia's mercenaries, the Spartans, who, under Agesilaus II, invaded Asia Minor. In order to redirect the Spartans attention to Greek affairs, Artaxerxes subsidized their enemies: in particular the Athenians, Thebans and Corinthians. These subsidies helped to engage the Spartans in what would become known as the Corinthian War. In 386 BC, Artaxerxes 2 betrayed his allies and came to an arrangement with Sparta, and in the Treaty of Antalcidas he forced his allies to come to terms. This treaty restored control of the Greek cities of Ionia and Aeolis on the Anatolian coast to the Persians, while giving Sparta dominance on the Greek mainland.Although successful against the Greeks, Artaxerxes had more trouble with the Egyptians, who had successfully revolted against him at the beginning of his reign. An attempt to re-conquer Egypt in 373 BC was completely unsuccessful, but in his waning years the Persians did manage to defeat a joint Egyptian–Spartan effort to conquer Phoenicia.He is reported to have had a number of wives. His main wife was Statira, until she was poisoned by Artaxerxes' mother Parysatis in about 400 BC. He also married several of his own daughters. Another chief wife was a Greek woman of Phocaea named Aspasia. Artaxerxes 2 is said to have more than 115 sons from Artaxerxes 2 Mnemon was king of Persia from 404 BC until his death. He was a son of Dariush 2 of Persia and Parysatis.He defended his position against his brother Cyrus the Younger at the Battle of Cunaxa in 401 BC. He also quashed a revolt of the provincial governors, the satraps (366 – 358 BC). He also became involved in a war with Persia's mercenaries, the Spartans, who, under Agesilaus II, invaded Asia Minor. In order to redirect the Spartans attention to Greek affairs, Artaxerxes subsidized their enemies: in particular the Athenians, Thebans and Corinthians. These subsidies helped to engage the Spartans in what would become known as the Corinthian War. In 386 BC, Artaxerxes 2 betrayed his allies and came to an arrangement with Sparta, and in the Treaty of Antalcidas he forced his allies to come to terms. This treaty restored control of the Greek cities of Ionia and Aeolis on the Anatolian coast to the Persians, while giving Sparta dominance on the Greek mainland.Although successful against the Greeks, Artaxerxes had more trouble with the Egyptians, who had successfully revolted against him at the beginning of his reign. An attempt to re-conquer Egypt in 373 BC was completely unsuccessful, but in his waning years the Persians did manage to defeat a joint Egyptian–Spartan effort to conquer Phoenicia.He is reported to have had a number of wives. His main wife was Statira, until she was poisoned by Artaxerxes' mother Parysatis in about 400 BC. He also married several of his own daughters. Another chief wife was a Greek woman of Phocaea named Aspasia. Artaxerxes 2 is said to have more than 115 sons from 350 wives.

    Tags:Agesilaus, Agesilaus II, Anatolian, Artaxerxes, Artaxerxes 2, Asia, Asia Minor, Battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa, Cyrus, Cyrus the Younger, Dariush, Dariush 2, Egypt, Egyptian, Greek, Ionia, Mnemon, Parysatis, Persia, Phoenicia, Sparta, Statira


    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Artaxerxes 2

    Your Name / Alias:
    E-mail:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Artaxerxes 2





    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian