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    دینار


    Qajar_Coin_Dinar_Mohammad_Ali_Shah_Lion_Sun.jpg
    An ancient unit of currency (Wikipedia) - Dinar For other uses, see Dinar (disambiguation).Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

    The dinar or denar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in nine mostly-Islamic countries, and has historic use in several more.

    The history of the dinar dates to the gold dinar, an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri. The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin.

    Contents

    EtymologySerbian silver Dinar during the reign of Stephen Uroš I of Serbia in the 13th century

    The word "dinar" in English is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which in turn was borrowed from the Greek δηνάριον (dénarion), itself from the Latin dēnārius (q.v.).

    Legal tender100 Serbian dinars bearing the likeness of Nikola Tesla.Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar Countries Currency ISO 4217 code
     Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
     Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
     Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
     Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
     Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
     Libya Libyan dinar LYD
     Macedonia Macedonian denar MKN (1992–1993) MKD (1993− )
     Serbia Serbian dinar RSD
     Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND
    Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum) Countries Currency ISO 4217 code Used Replaced by
     Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar BAD 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
     Croatia Croatian dinar HRD 1991–1994 Croatian kuna
     Iran Iranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars
     Republika Srpska Republika Srpska dinar n/a 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
     South Yemen South Yemeni dinar YDD 1965–1990 Yemeni rial
     Sudan Sudanese dinar SDD 1992–2007 Sudanese pound
     Kingdom of Yugoslavia  SFR Yugoslavia  FR Yugoslavia Yugoslav dinar YUD (1965–1989) YUN (1990–1992) YUR (1992–1993) YUO (1993) YUG (1994) YUM (1994–2003) 1918–2003 n/a

    The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse. The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.

    Tags:Abbasid, Abbasid Caliphate, Algeria, Arabic, Bahrain, Bosnia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, British, British Museum, Byzantine, Caliphate, Croatia, Croatian, Dinar, Greek, Herzegovina, ISO, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Iraqi, Islamic, Jordan, Kuwait, Legal, Libya, Libyan, Macedonia, Nations, Rex, Serbia, Spain, Sudan, Tesla, Tunisia, Wikipedia, Yemen, Yugoslavia


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