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    * Intaphrenes *


    ویندفرنه ، وندفرنه

    Intaphrenes was a Persian courtier and general son of Vayaspara. Intaphrenes was one of seven conspirators who killed the Magian usurper Gaumata who pretended to be Bardia, brother of Cambyses. Intaphrenes helped Dariush Great become king in Sept, 522 B.C. His role in murder of the Bardia (false Smerdis) is described in detail in the Behistun Inscription.Bardia defended himself with his spear, and first he struck Aspathines in the thigh, and then Intaphrenes in the eye, as a result, Intaphrenes lost his eye but survived and served under Dariush. The reign of Dariush started with many revolts. When Dariush on a campaign, Arakha, ascended the throne in Babylon and took the name Nebu Chadnezzar IV. Dariush appointed Intaphrenes the king's bow carrier, who gathered his own army and succeeded in briefly suppressing the revolt on Nov, 27, 521 B.C. and caught revolt leaders alive. By the order of Dariush the Great, Arakha and his men were crucified in Babylon.Herodotus tells that Intaphrenes was executed by Dariush shortly after the coup against false Bardia and tells the story of how the wife of Intaphrenes betrayed him to save his brother’s life, but the Behistun Inscription clearly falsifies this story, unless it was another Intaphrenes which is also possible in Persian courts; as the elder son used to take royal titles of his father.

    Tags:Arakha, Aspathines, Babylon, Bardia, Behistun Inscription, Cambyses, Dariush, Dariush the Great, Gaumata, Herodotus, Intaphrenes, Magian, Nebu Chadnezzar, Persian, Smerdis

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