• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Rozan *


    A village near Neishabour in Khorasan province. (Wikipedia) - Różan   (Redirected from Rozan) Różan Country Voivodeship County Gmina Town rights Government  • Mayor Area  • Total Population (2006)  • Total  • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) Postal code Area code(s) Car plates Website
    View with Narew river
    Coat of arms
    Coordinates: 52°53′25″N 21°23′45″E / 52.89028°N 21.39583°E / 52.89028; 21.39583Coordinates: 52°53′25″N 21°23′45″E / 52.89028°N 21.39583°E / 52.89028; 21.39583
    Jerzy Kazimierz Parciński
    6.67 km2 (2.58 sq mi)
    400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
    CET (UTC+1)
    CEST (UTC+2)
    +48 29

    Różan is a town in Mazovian Voivodeship, Poland, on the river Narew. National roads 60 and 61 intersect in the town.

    In the late Middle Ages, Rozan emerged as an important trade center of northeastern Mazovia. Enjoying support of Mazovian Dukes, especially Janusz I of Warsaw, in 1378 it received town charter, a became a capital of a separate province, the Land of Rozan. In 1525, Mazovia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland, and Rozan became seat of a starosta, part of Masovian Voivodeship (1526–1795). In 1565, the town had 330 houses and population of app. 2000. It also probably had as many as 6 churches, and a castle, which guarded nearby border with Prussia. Furthermore, there was a bridge over the Narew, which fortified the importance of Rozan as a trade and administrative center.

    The town prospered until the disastrous Swedish invasion of Poland (1655 - 1660), when it was ransacked and burned by the invaders. Following the Partitions of Poland and the Congress of Vienna, Rozan in 1815 became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland, where it remained until World War One. After the January Uprising, which was widely supported by local residents, in 1870 Russians stripped Rozan of its town charter. Nevertheless, Rozan was a strong garrison of the Imperial Russian Army, with four forts, built after 1886.

    Rozan regained town rights in 1919, and by 1939, its population grew to 5800. The town was completely destroyed during World War Two, only 5% buildings remained by 1945.

    The crossing of the Narew at Różan had significant military importance in the first half of the 20th century. The Russian Imperial Army fortified and garrisoned Różan around 1900. It was defended against German attacks in 1915 in the course of World War I. Fortified further before 1939, it was defended by the Polish army in the course of the German Invasion of Poland in September, 1939. Then, in the course of the fighting in 1944, the Red Army seized a bridgehead across the Narew at Różan, which it used as one of the springboards for the January 1945 Vistula–Oder Offensive.

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Różan.
    External links

    • v
    • t
    • e
    Gmina Różan Town and seat Villages
    • Różan
    • Chełsty
    • Chrzczonki
    • Dąbrówka
    • Dyszobaba
    • Dzbądz
    • Kaszewiec
    • Miłony
    • Mroczki-Rębiszewo
    • Podborze
    • Prycanowo
    • Szygi
    • Załęże Wielkie
    • Załęże-Eliasze
    • Załęże-Gartki
    • Załęże-Sędzięta
    • Załuzie
    • Zawady-Ponikiew

    Tags:Community, Congress, German, Jewish, Khorasan, Middle Ages, Neishabour, Poland, Polish, Prussia, Red Army, Rozan, Russian, Swedish, Vienna, Warsaw, Website, Wikipedia, World War I

    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Rozan

    Your Name / Alias:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Rozan

    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian