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    * Shapour 3 *

    Shapur III

    شاپور سوم


    Sassanid_Shapour_3_Coin_Tin.jpg
    Shapour 3. was the eleventh Sassanid King of Persia from 383 to 388. Shapour 3. succeeded his father Ardeshir 2. in the year 383.Negotiations between the Romans and the Persians which had begun in the reign of Ardeshir 2 culminated in a treaty of mutual friendship in the year 384.According to this treaty, Armenia was partitioned between the Romans and the Persians. Therefore two kingdoms were formed, one a vassal of Rome and the other, of Persia. The smaller of these, which comprised the more western districts, which was assigned to Rome, was committed to the charge of the Arshak 3. who had been made king by Manuel Mamikonian, the son of the unfortunate Pap of Armenia, and the grandson of the Arshak 2. contemporary with Julian. The larger portion, which consisted of the regions lying towards the east, passed under the suzerainty of Persia, and was handed over to an Arshakuni, named Khosrov 3., a Christian. Thus friendly relations were established between Rome and Persia which survived for thirty-six years.Shapour 3. left behind him a sculptured memorial, which is still to be seen in the vicinity of Kermanshah. It consists of two very similar figures, looking towards each other, and standing in an arched frame. On either side of the figures are inscriptions in the Old Pahlavi character, whereby we are enabled to identify the individuals represented with the second and the third Shapour. They are identical in form, with the exception that the names in the right-hand inscription are "Shapour, Hormazd, Narses," while those in the left-hand one are "Shapour, Shapour, Hormazd." Shapour 3. died in 388, after reigning a little more than five years. He was a man of simple tastes, and was fond of spending his time outdoors in his tent. One version says that, on one such occasion, when he was thus enjoying himself, there was a violent hurricane which blew the tent under which he was sitting. The falling tent-pole struck him fatally on his head resulting in his death a few daysShapour 3. was the eleventh Sassanid King of Persia from 383 to 388. Shapour 3. succeeded his father Ardeshir 2. in the year 383.Negotiations between the Romans and the Persians which had begun in the reign of Ardeshir 2 culminated in a treaty of mutual friendship in the year 384.According to this treaty, Armenia was partitioned between the Romans and the Persians. Therefore two kingdoms were formed, one a vassal of Rome and the other, of Persia. The smaller of these, which comprised the more western districts, which was assigned to Rome, was committed to the charge of the Arshak 3. who had been made king by Manuel Mamikonian, the son of the unfortunate Pap of Armenia, and the grandson of the Arshak 2. contemporary with Julian. The larger portion, which consisted of the regions lying towards the east, passed under the suzerainty of Persia, and was handed over to an Arshakuni, named Khosrov 3., a Christian. Thus friendly relations were established between Rome and Persia which survived for thirty-six years.Shapour 3. left behind him a sculptured memorial, which is still to be seen in the vicinity of Kermanshah. It consists of two very similar figures, looking towards each other, and standing in an arched frame. On either side of the figures are inscriptions in the Old Pahlavi character, whereby we are enabled to identify the individuals represented with the second and the third Shapour. They are identical in form, with the exception that the names in the right-hand inscription are "Shapour, Hormazd, Narses," while those in the left-hand one are "Shapour, Shapour, Hormazd." Shapour 3. died in 388, after reigning a little more than five years. He was a man of simple tastes, and was fond of spending his time outdoors in his tent. One version says that, on one such occasion, when he was thus enjoying himself, there was a violent hurricane which blew the tent under which he was sitting. The falling tent-pole struck him fatally on his head resulting in his death a few days later.

    Tags:Ardeshir, Armenia, Christian, Hormazd, Kermanshah, Pahlavi, Persia, Rome, Sassanid, Shapour, Shapour 3


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