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    * Amirabbas Hoveida *

    Amir Abbas Hoveyda

    امیرعباس هویدا


    Pahlavi_Prime_Minister_Amirabbas_Hoveida.jpg
    Amirabbas Hoveida Feb, 18, 1919 – April 7, 1979 was an Iranian economist and politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran from January 27, 1965 to August 7, 1977. He was prime minister for 13 years and is the longest serving prime minister in Iran's history. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in Hasanali Mansour's cabinet. He was executed in 1979 after by the Revolutionary Court. His iconic image consisted of a walking cane, a pipe in his mouth and an orchid on his jacket.Born in Tehran to Habibollah Hoveida (Eynolmolk), a seasoned diplomat, most prominent during the latter years of the Qajar dynasty, and Afsarolmolook, a descendent of the very royal family the senior Hoveida would serve for much of his adult life. While Hoveida's father had been a Bahá'í, he had left the religion and Hoveida himself was not religious. He was the nephew of Abdol Hossein Sardari, also known as "Schindler of Iran". Because of the responsibilities borne by diplomats such as Eynolmolk, the Hoveida family was never fixed in one residence for any prolonged length of time. This nomadic existence is clearly evident in Amirabbas' education. Studying in various countries gave Hoveida a unique cosmopolitan flair that would remain being his most enduring characteristic. During the family's stay in Beirut, Lebanon, Hoveida attended Lycée Français, an institution affiliated with the French government. His love for France and its culture are rooted in his tutelage at the lycée. French literary works by the likes of André Gide, André Malraux, Molière, and Baudelaire, captivated the young Hoveida and gave way for his intellectual growth. Some pundits suggest that it was Hoveida's intellectual prowess which initially attracted him into the shah's folds.Hoveida's desire to attend a French university in 1938 made the young student enter France but then he had to complete the required high school credits in London where he was able to learn English. His ability to communicate in several languages, including Persian, French, English, Italian, German, and Arabic, helped him climb the political ladder later on in life. Hoveida's return to France in 1939 would be short lived, nevertheless, due to a diplomatic scuffle between France and Reza Shah Pahlavi. Having no choice but to leave France again, Hoveida enrolled at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles in Brussels, Belgium, during the same year. His stay at the university would be markedly ephemeral because of the effects of the German Blitzkrieg which used Belgian territory as an entry route into France. After being displaced for a short time, Hoveida was able to return to the Belgian university, obtaining a bachelor's degree in Political Science in 1941, under the ever watchful eye of the occupying German administration.Upon his return to Iran in 1942, Hoveida rested for a few months before enlisting as a soldier in Iran's national army. His plan at the time was to use his experience as a conscript to supplement his seniority at the Foreign Ministry where he applied for employment prior to being drafted. Because of his higher education, Hoveida was able to bypass boot camp and directly enter the Officers AcHoveida Feb, 18, 1919 – April 7, 1979 was an Iranian economist and politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran from January 27, 1965 to August 7, 1977. He was prime minister for 13 years and is the longest serving prime minister in Iran's history. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in Hasanali Mansour's cabinet. He was executed in 1979 after by the Revolutionary Court. His iconic image consisted of a walking cane, a pipe in his mouth and an orchid on his jacket.Born in Tehran to Habibollah Hoveida (Eynolmolk), a seasoned diplomat, most prominent during the latter years of the Qajar dynasty, and Afsarolmolook, a descendent of the very royal family the senior Hoveida would serve for much of his adult life. While Hoveida's father had been a Bahá'í, he had left the religion and Hoveida himself was not religious. He was the nephew of Abdol Hossein Sardari, also known as "Schindler of Iran". Because of the responsibilities borne by diplomats such as Eynolmolk, the Hoveida family was never fixed in one residence for any prolonged length of time. This nomadic existence is clearly evident in Amirabbas' education. Studying in various countries gave Hoveida a unique cosmopolitan flair that would remain being his most enduring characteristic. During the family's stay in Beirut, Lebanon, Hoveida attended Lycée Français, an institution affiliated with the French government. His love for France and its culture are rooted in his tutelage at the lycée. French literary works by the likes of André Gide, André Malraux, Molière, and Baudelaire, captivated the young Hoveida and gave way for his intellectual growth. Some pundits suggest that it was Hoveida's intellectual prowess which initially attracted him into the shah's folds.Hoveida's desire to attend a French university in 1938 made the young student enter France but then he had to complete the required high school credits in London where he was able to learn English. His ability to communicate in several languages, including Persian, French, English, Italian, German, and Arabic, helped him climb the political ladder later on in life. Hoveida's return to France in 1939 would be short lived, nevertheless, due to a diplomatic scuffle between France and Reza Shah Pahlavi. Having no choice but to leave France again, Hoveida enrolled at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles in Brussels, Belgium, during the same year. His stay at the university would be markedly ephemeral because of the effects of the German Blitzkrieg which used Belgian territory as an entry route into France. After being displaced for a short time, Hoveida was able to return to the Belgian university, obtaining a bachelor's degree in Political Science in 1941, under the ever watchful eye of the occupying German administration.Upon his return to Iran in 1942, Hoveida rested for a few months before enlisting as a soldier in Iran's national army. His plan at the time was to use his experience as a conscript to supplement his seniority at the Foreign Ministry where he applied for employment prior to being drafted. Because of his higher education, Hoveida was able to bypass boot camp and directly enter the Officers Academy.

    Tags:Amirabbas Hoveida, Arabic, Beirut, Belgium, Brussels, France, French, German, Hasanali Mansour, Hoveida, Iran, Iranian, Lebanon, London, Minister of Finance, Pahlavi, Persian, Prime Minister, Prime Minister of Iran, Qajar, Reza Shah, Shah, Tehran


    See Also:Amir-Abbas Hoveyda



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