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    * Southern Hemisphere *

    نیم‌کره جنوبی

    (Wikipedia) - Southern Hemisphere This article is about the use of the term in describing the body of the Earth or other round astronomical bodies. For the use of the term describing astronomical observations of the sky, see Southern Celestial Hemisphere.

    Coordinates: 45°0′0″S 0°0′0″E / 45.00000°S 0.00000°E / -45.00000; 0.00000

    A famous photo of Earth from Apollo 17 (Blue Marble) originally had the south pole at the top; however, it was turned upside-down to fit the traditional perspectiveThe Southern Hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted)Southern Hemisphere from above the South Pole

    On Earth the Southern Hemisphere contains all or parts of five continents (Antarctica, Australia, about 9/10 of South America, the southern third of Africa, and some southern islands in Asia), four oceans (Indian, South Atlantic, Southern, and South Pacific) and most of Oceania. Several islands off the Asian continental mainland are also in the Southern Hemisphere. Due to the tilt of Earth''s rotation relative to the Sun and the ecliptic plane, summer is from December to March and winter is from June to September. September 22 or 23 is the vernal equinox and March 20 or 21 is the autumnal equinox.


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