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    * Ufa *

    اوفا


    Kufa_Imam_Ali_House.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Ufa For other uses, see Ufa (disambiguation). Ufa (English) Уфа (Russian) Өфө (Bashkir) Coat of Arms City Day Administrative status (as of March 2011) Country Federal subject Administratively subordinated to Capital of Administrative center of Municipal status (as of February 2012) Urban okrug Administrative center of Head Representative body Statistics Area Population (2010 Census) - Rank in 2010 Density Time zone Founded City status since Postal code(s) Dialing code(s)
    -  City  -
    Views of Ufa
    Location of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Russia
    UfaLocation of Ufa in the Republic of Bashkortostan
    Coordinates: 54°45′N 55°58′E / 54.750°N 55.967°E / 54.750; 55.967Coordinates: 54°45′N 55°58′E / 54.750°N 55.967°E / 54.750; 55.967
    Flag
    June 12
    Russia
    Republic of Bashkortostan
    city of republic significance of Ufa
    Republic of Bashkortostan
    city of republic significance of Ufa, Ufimsky District
    Ufa Urban Okrug
    Ufa Urban Okrug, Ufimsky Municipal District
    Irek Yalalov
    City Council
    753.7 km2 (291.0 sq mi)
    1,062,319 inhabitants
    11th
    1,409 /km2 (3,650 /sq mi)
    YEKT (UTC+06:00)
    1574
    1586
    450000—450999
    +7 347
    Official website
    Ufa on WikiCommons

    Ufa (Russian: Уфа; IPA: ; Bashkir: Өфө, Öfö; IPA: ,  pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic. Population: 1,062,319 (2010 Census); 1,042,437 (2002 Census); 1,082,052 (1989 Census).

    Contents
    • 1 History
    • 2 Administrative and municipal status
    • 3 Economy
      • 3.1 Industry
      • 3.2 Finance
      • 3.3 Transportation
    • 4 Demographics
    • 5 Geography and climate
    • 6 Government and administration
    • 7 Sports
    • 8 Education and science
    • 9 Religion
    • 10 Notable people
    • 11 Monuments of Ufa
    • 12 International relations
      • 12.1 Twin towns and sister cities
    • 13 See also
    • 14 References
      • 14.1 Notes
      • 14.2 Sources
    • 15 External links

    HistoryEarly color photograph of Ufa taken in 1910 by Sergey Prokudin-GorskyGovernment building in Ufa
    This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2013)

    The city began as a fortress built on the orders of Ivan the Terrible in 1574, and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. After the outbreak of the Pugachev''s Rebellion, it went through the most brutal events in its early history, the fortress and the city were in the middle of the military actions. For several months during the winter of 1773–1774, Ufa was under siege by Cossack and Bashkir insurgents until they were fought off by the arrived government forces.

    Before becoming the seat of a separate Ufa Governorate in 1781, the city, along with the rest of the Bashkir lands, was under the jurisdiction of the Orenburg governors. And even though the 1796 reform reunited Orenburg and Ufa again, in 1802 the city of Ufa became a new center of the entire Orenburg Governorate that included large territories of modern-day Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast, and Chelyabinsk Oblast. During the 1800-1810s, Scottish Russian architect William Heste developed a general city plan for Ufa as a regional capital shaping the modern outline of its historical center.

    The Belaya River Waterway (1870) and the Samara-Zlatoust Railroad (1890) connected the city to the European part of the Russian Empire and stimulated development of the city''s light industry. As a result, in 1913 the population of Ufa grew to 100,000.

    On July 5, 1918, several months after the establishment of the Soviet power, Ufa was captured by the anti-Bolshevik forces supported by the Czechoslovak Legion. Ufa was chosen to host the September 1918 State Conference of the anti-Bolshevik forces from all across the former empire. After the end of the Conference on September 23, Ufa became the capital of the Provisional All-Russian Government headed by Nikolai Avksentiev, better known as the Ufa Directory.

    On June 14, 1922, after the enlargement of the Bashkir ASSR, Ufa became its new capital. During the 1920-1930s, the city went through the rise of heavy industry. The discovery of oil in Bashkiria made Ufa one of the Soviet oil extracting and oil refining centers. Ufa Oil Refinery was opened in 1937. Population grew up to 500,000 inhabitants in the 1950s and to 1,000,000 in 1980.

    During World War II, following eastward Soviet retreat in 1941, a number of industrial enterprises of the western parts of the Soviet Union were evacuated to Ufa. The city also became the wartime seat of the Soviet Ukrainian government.

    Administrative and municipal status

    Ufa is the capital of the republic and, within the framework of the administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Ufimsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Ufa—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Ufa is incorporated as Ufa Urban Okrug.

    Economy Industry

    Many urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, mechanical engineering reside in Ufa. Additionally, the economy of Ufa is composed of many fuel, energy and engineering complexes.

    The value of goods, services, and manufacturing in Ufa totaled 185.0 billion rubles in 2009 ((DB regions of the Volga district))

    Ufa is home to about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises.

    Some important enterprises in Ufa include:

    • UMPO (Ufa Engine Industrial Association). Founded in 1925 whose main products are jet engines
    • Ufimsky petrochemical Plant (control the Bashneft)
    • Novo-Ufimsky refinery plant (control the Bashneft)
    • Ufimsky refinery plant (control the Bashneft)
    • Bashkir Trolleybus Plant :trolley manufacturer
    Finance

    Ufa is a donor of the republic''s and federal budgets. About 62.8% of tax revenues accumulated on the territory of Ufa City municipal district of Bashkortostan Republic are directed to the federal budget and 29% to the republic''s budget.

    Transportation

    Ufa is linked by railways to the rest of Russia, having a railway station on a historic branch of the Transsib. Ufa is the only city connected to Moscow by more than one federal highway. The M7 motorway links the city to Kazan and Moscow and the M5 motorway links Ufa to Moscow and to the Asian part of Russia.

    The Ufa International Airport has international flights to the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, as well as domestic flights to many Russian cities and towns.

    The Ufa Metro is a planned and oft-delayed subway system, discussed since the late 1980s. On May 30, 1996, there was a ceremony marking the beginning of preparatory construction work, attended by then-President Boris Yeltsin.

    Public transportation in Ufa includes trams (since 1937) and trolleybuses (since 1962) systems, as well as bus and marshrutka (routed cabs) lines.

    • NefAZ-5299 bus

    • Trolleybus

    • Tram

    Demographics

    As of the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the Capital of Republic of Bashkortostan was:

    Ethnicity Percentage
    Russians 48.9%
    Tatars 28.3%
    Bashkirs 17.1%
    Ukrainian 1.2%

    Other ethnicities include Armenians (2,822 people), Germans (2,213 people), Jews (2,082 people), and Azeris (2,075 people).

    Geography and climateView of Ufa over the Belaya River

    Ufa is situated in eastern Europe near its land boundary with Asia, at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa Rivers, on low hills forming the Ufa Plateau to the west of the southern Urals.

    Climate data for Ufa Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Snowfall cm (inches) Avg. precipitation days Avg. snowy days  % humidity Mean monthly sunshine hours
    5.8 (42.4) 9.2 (48.6) 16.2 (61.2) 30.9 (87.6) 36.2 (97.2) 38.3 (100.9) 38.6 (101.5) 38.5 (101.3) 33.4 (92.1) 26.8 (80.2) 15.4 (59.7) 5.0 (41) 38.6 (101.5)
    −8.2 (17.2) −6.8 (19.8) 0.2 (32.4) 10.9 (51.6) 19.9 (67.8) 24.6 (76.3) 25.9 (78.6) 23.5 (74.3) 17.2 (63) 8.7 (47.7) −1 (30) −6.9 (19.6) 9.0 (48.2)
    −12.4 (9.7) −11.8 (10.8) −5.1 (22.8) 5.2 (41.4) 13.2 (55.8) 18.1 (64.6) 19.7 (67.5) 17.2 (63) 11.3 (52.3) 4.5 (40.1) −4.2 (24.4) −10.7 (12.7) 3.75 (38.76)
    −17 (1) −17 (1) −10.4 (13.3) −0.1 (31.8) 6.8 (44.2) 11.8 (53.2) 13.7 (56.7) 11.6 (52.9) 6.5 (43.7) 1.1 (34) −7.5 (18.5) −15 (5) −1.3 (29.7)
    −48.5 (−55.3) −43.5 (−46.3) −34.4 (−29.9) −29.7 (−21.5) −9.7 (14.5) −1.2 (29.8) 1.4 (34.5) −0.6 (30.9) −6.8 (19.8) −25.6 (−14.1) −35.1 (−31.2) −45 (−49) −48.5 (−55.3)
    48 (1.89) 39 (1.54) 32 (1.26) 33 (1.3) 46 (1.81) 66 (2.6) 55 (2.17) 58 (2.28) 51 (2.01) 58 (2.28) 52 (2.05) 51 (2.01) 589 (23.19)
    32 (12.6) 42 (16.5) 41 (16.1) 19 (7.5) 2 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (2) 14 (5.5) 17 (6.7) 172 (67.7)
    11 8 7 7 7 9 9 9 9 11 11 11 109
    22 17 11 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 12 20 87
    83 80 77 69 60 67 71 74 76 79 83 83 75.2
    58.9 96.1 155.0 216.0 279.0 288.0 288.3 251.1 165.0 80.6 51.0 40.3 1,969.3
    Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net,World Meteorological Organization (UN)
    Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun only)
    Government and administrationLocal government

    The bodies of local self-government of Ufa are:

    • Council, a representative body. Formed of 35 deputies for 4 years.
    • Chairman of the Board – the head of the urban okrug. Term of 4 years.
    • Urban Okrug Administration. The structure of the administration approved by the Council on the proposal of the Head of the Administration.
    • Head of the Administration manages the administration on the principles of unity of command. He is appointed under a contract entered into by the results of the competition. Term of office of the Head of the Administration limited to the period of office of the Council of the convocation.
    SportsThe Ufa Arena Club Sport Founded Current League League Rank Stadium
    Salavat Yulaev Ufa Ice Hockey 1961 Kontinental Hockey League 1st Ufa Arena
    Tolpar Ufa Ice Hockey 2009 Minor Hockey League Jr. 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
    Agidel Ufa Ice Hockey 2010 Women''s Ice Hockey Championship 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
    FC Ufa Football 2010 Russian Premier League Promoted Dynamo Stadium
    Ural Ufa Volleyball 1992 Volleyball Super League 1st Dynamo Sports Palace
    Ufimochka-USPTU Volleyball 1970 Women''s Volleyball Super League 1st Dynamo Sports Palace
    Education and science

    Educational institutions include:

    • Bashkir State University
    • Ufa State Aviation Technical University
    • Ufa State Petroleum Technological University

    Graduate universities and Law Schools:

    • Ural State Law Academy Ufa''s campus

    Scientific institutions include:

    • Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan
    • Ufa Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Science (USC RAS)
    Religion
    • Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos (Собор Рождества Богородицы)

    • Church of the Intercession of the Theotokos (Покровская церковь)

    • Church of the Feasts of the Cross (Крестовоздвиженская церковь)

    • Lyalya Tyolpan Mosque

    • Hamza Hadgi Mosque

    • Old Mosque

    The main religious confessions in the city are Islam (Sunni) and Orthodox Christianity.

    Notable people

    Famous citizens of Ufa include:

    • Eldar Musin (born 1988), public figure, born and raised in Ufa
    • Sergey Aksakov (1791–1859), writer and literary critic, born and raised in Ufa
    • Vera Timanova (1855–1942), pianist, born and grew up in Ufa
    • Mikhail Nesterov (1862–1942), painter, one of the main figure of the Symbolist artist movement, born and raised in Ufa
    • Feodor Chaliapin (1873-1938), opera singer, spent early years of his career in Ufa
    • Valerian Albanov (1882–1919), Arctic explorer, born in Ufa
    • Jaroslav Hašek (1883–1923), Czech writer and journalist, lived in Ufa during the Civil War, worked in local newspapers
    • Natalya Kovshova (1920–1942), World War II sniper, born in Ufa
    • Gabdulkhay Akhatov (1927–1986), linguist, turkologist, Bashkir University professor
    • Rudolf Nureyev (1938–1993), ballet dancer, grew up in Ufa
    • Boris Kolker (born 1939), linguist, esperantologist, lived in Ufa
    • Sergei Dovlatov (1941–1990), writer and journalist, born in Ufa
    • Vladimir Spivakov (born 1944), conductor and violinist, born in Ufa
    • Ernst Muldashev (born 1948), ophthalmologist, director of the Ufa Plastic Surgery Center
    • Vladimir Vinogradov (1955–2008), banker, one of the first Russian billionaires of the post-Soviet era, born in Ufa
    • Yuriy Shevchuk (born 1957), rock musician, DDT frontman, grew up and started his career in Ufa
    • Elvira Nabiullina (born 1963), Governor of the Bank of Russia and former Minister of Economic Development of Russia, born and grew up in Ufa
    • Igor Kravchuk (born 1966), Alexander Semak (born 1966), Andrei Zyuzin (born 1978), Andrei Zubarev (born 1987), ice hockey players
    • Andrey Gubin (born 1974), pop singer, born in Ufa
    • Zemfira (born 1976), rock musician, born, grew up and made her career in Ufa
    • Ildar Abdrazakov (born 1976), Grammy Award-winning bass opera singer, born in Ufa, Ufa Academy of Arts graduate
    • Maxim Tchoudov (born 1982), biathlete, grew up in Ufa
    • Sophie Milman (born 1983), jazz singer, born in Ufa
    • Alexei Vasilevsky (ice hockey) (born 1993), Russian ice hockey defenceman
    • Daniil Kvyat (born 1994), racing driver, born in Ufa
    • Dimitry Vassiliev (born 1979), ski jumper, born in Ufa
    Monuments of Ufa
    • Monument to Salavat Yulaev

    • Monument to Zagir Ismagilov

    • Monument to Miftahetdin Akmulla

    • Monument to the heroes of the October Revolution and the Civil War

    • Monument to Feodor Chaliapin

    • Monument to Alexander Matrosov

    • Monument to Majit Gafuri

    International relations See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Twin towns and sister cities

    Ufa is twinned with:

    • Orenburg, Russia
    • Paldiski, Estonia

    Tags:1882, 1927, Administrative, Ankara, Arab, Asia, Azerbaijan, Bashkortostan, Bolshevik, Capital, China, Christianity, Cossack, Czech, Demographics, Educational, Egypt, Emirates, Estonia, Europe, Geography, Germany, Governor, Greece, Hong Kong, Islam, Maxim, Moscow, Observatory, Plateau, Premier League, President, Railroad, Revolution, Russia, Russian, Samara, Science, Soviet, Soviet Union, Sport, Sunni, Turkey, Ufa, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Valerian, Volga, Volleyball, Wikipedia, World War II


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